Jason Ho Introductory Psychology Page 1
PSY100H1 July 2, 13
Lecture One: Introductory to Psychology
What is Psychology?
Psyche – soul, spirit, and mind
Logos – knowledge, study of a subject
Psychology – Scientific study of mind, brain and behaviour
– Mind = Scientific mental activity
Psychology – as a way to manipulate people
– gives the ability to ‘analyze’ others upon meeting
– research studies are made on animals (mice and monkeys)
– are studied by more mentally unstable people than the general p opulation
Psychology addresses many topics
– Memory – Death
– Stress – Conformity
– Therapy – Creativity
– Love – Aging
– Persuasion – Sexuality
– Hypnosis – Emotion
As scientists, we should use scientific skepticism.
Skeptikos – “to consider carefully”
Amiable skepticism: 1. Evaluate all claims with an open mind
2. Insist on persuasive evidence before accepting these claims
– Common sense psychology is a myth.
– We can’t just rely on our “common sense” because it will often leaday. astr
– In this class, you will learn how psychology tries to disentangle truth from “common sense”.
– In the process, you will learn the tools to help you become more informed consumers of
persuasive messages you might come across.
Critical thinking – process of objectively/systematically evaluating, comparing, analyzing, and
synthesizing information to reach reasonable conclusion.
Compare psychology with pseudo-psychologies,
– Gives the appearance of science but are actually false
– One reason these pseudosciences remain is t hat they’re difficult to falsify .
– Correlation is not Causation
Third variable problem – If A and B are correlated: A causes B or
B causes A or
C causes A and B
Correlation-causation fallacy – the error of assuming that because one thing is correlated
with another, it must cause the other
Reference: Introduction to Psychology(1).pdf Jason Ho Introductory Psychology Page 2
PSY100H1 July 2, 13
Types of Psychology
Psychology subdivided into specialized areas . (Areas often overlap)
e.g., developmental, clinical…
Biological – Biological factors
Developmental – Development/change across
Cognitive – Mental processes underlying thinking
Personality – Similarities/differences between
Clinical – Assess, understand, change abnormal
Counselling – dealing with normal life situations
Health – Effects of behaviour on health
School – counselling & guidance in school
Educational – learning/teaching
Social – People’s influences on each other
Industrial/organizational – job training selection
Quantitative – test validity
Sport – Motivation/emotion athletic
Forensic – juries and other law related topics
Environment – Physical environment on behaviour
Origins of Psychology
Wilhelm Wundt – “father of psychology”
– Studied mental life and conscious experience, using methods from sciences.
– Founded first psychological laboratory at University of Leipzig in Germany in 1879.
– Developed method of introspection (systematic examination of subjective mental exper