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PSY100 Lecture #1

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University of Toronto St. George
Dan Dolderman

011012PSY100 Lecture 1 Why study psychologyThere are intrinsic and extrinsic motivationsBecause youre interested in people psychology is supposed to be about what makes people tick want to help people All in all psychology help to understand people in many waysFundamental insights of psychology1 Reality is a story told to us by our brain Our brains are artists not mirrorsOur experience do not reflect reality itself but rather a construction or representation of reality1 This constructions process involves a lot of guesswork filling in the gaps 2 This subjective representation occurs within the brainthe mind is what the brain does according to the textbookWe only have access to a limited subset of reality The limitations of out sensoryperceptual system are due toy The sensitivity of our sensory mechanismsy Our attentional capacity We behaviour based on our perception not on our reality which is not always correct Perception is a process of creative storytelling and inference making We have to fill in a lot of gapsThis is highly functional most of the time allowing our brains to function superefficiently with a small cost of accuracy Much more profoundly though this means that we are not directly interacting with reality But how does the Mind perceive Reality Perception is a process of patternmatchingOur brains look for correspondence between patterns that have been stored in it through our past
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