Class Notes (836,587)
Canada (509,861)
Psychology (3,518)
PSY100H1 (1,627)
Lecture 10

PSY100 Lecture 10.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Alison Luby

PSY100 Final Lecture April 2, 2012 Psychological and Biological Treatments Psychotherapy Criteria of an effective psychotherapist: . Warm/Understanding . Direct . Establish a positive working relationship with patients . Do not contradict patients . Select important topics to focus on in sessions . Match treatments to patients’ needs . Choice of therapist tends to be more important than choice of therapy . Insight therapy . Expanding awareness/insight (main goal) . Psychoanalytic & Psychodynamic Therapies . Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis the first form of psychotherapy . Six primary approaches: . Free association (saw whatever comes to mind) . Dream analysis (dreams express unconscious desires which influence conscious life . Interpretation (formulating an explanation from first two approaches . Resistance (attempts of avoidance from confrontation and anxiety arises) . Transference (negative feelings get put on to the therapist; all your hate gets redirected to the therapist) . Working through (confronting/resolving problems) . Interpersonal therapy . Short-term treatment . Strengthens social skills . Targets interpersonal problems/conflicts/life transitions . Humanistic approach . Focused on self-actualization . Treats individual as unique; through thoughts and feelings . Person/client-centered therapy (Carl Rogers) . Don’t tell patients how to solve the problem, but let them do it themselves . Human encounter between equals . Client’s experience with the therapist that brings about change . Genuineness (consistency between the therapist’s feelings/actions) . Open/Honest relationship . Unconditional positive regard (non-judgemental) . Empathy (putting you in their shoes); reflection/paraphrasing what the client said . Difficult to falsify (generally successful, but disagreement on level of success) . Behavioural therapy . Tackles problematic behaviours (most being learnt so can be changed to learn new behaviours) . Identify and assess the problem . Design/implement a strategy for behaviour change . Emphasis on learning . Exposure Therapy . Confronts patient with fear to reduce it . Based on idea that fears stay due to avoidance (negative reinforcement) . Systematic desensitization . Gradually exposed to fear (patients are first taught to relax) . Anxiety hierarchy (moving from the least anxious to the most)
More Less

Related notes for PSY100H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.