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Lecture 10

PSY100 Lecture 10.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Alison Luby
Semester
Winter

Description
PSY100 Final Lecture April 2, 2012 Psychological and Biological Treatments Psychotherapy Criteria of an effective psychotherapist: . Warm/Understanding . Direct . Establish a positive working relationship with patients . Do not contradict patients . Select important topics to focus on in sessions . Match treatments to patients’ needs . Choice of therapist tends to be more important than choice of therapy . Insight therapy . Expanding awareness/insight (main goal) . Psychoanalytic & Psychodynamic Therapies . Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis the first form of psychotherapy . Six primary approaches: . Free association (saw whatever comes to mind) . Dream analysis (dreams express unconscious desires which influence conscious life . Interpretation (formulating an explanation from first two approaches . Resistance (attempts of avoidance from confrontation and anxiety arises) . Transference (negative feelings get put on to the therapist; all your hate gets redirected to the therapist) . Working through (confronting/resolving problems) . Interpersonal therapy . Short-term treatment . Strengthens social skills . Targets interpersonal problems/conflicts/life transitions . Humanistic approach . Focused on self-actualization . Treats individual as unique; through thoughts and feelings . Person/client-centered therapy (Carl Rogers) . Don’t tell patients how to solve the problem, but let them do it themselves . Human encounter between equals . Client’s experience with the therapist that brings about change . Genuineness (consistency between the therapist’s feelings/actions) . Open/Honest relationship . Unconditional positive regard (non-judgemental) . Empathy (putting you in their shoes); reflection/paraphrasing what the client said . Difficult to falsify (generally successful, but disagreement on level of success) . Behavioural therapy . Tackles problematic behaviours (most being learnt so can be changed to learn new behaviours) . Identify and assess the problem . Design/implement a strategy for behaviour change . Emphasis on learning . Exposure Therapy . Confronts patient with fear to reduce it . Based on idea that fears stay due to avoidance (negative reinforcement) . Systematic desensitization . Gradually exposed to fear (patients are first taught to relax) . Anxiety hierarchy (moving from the least anxious to the most)
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