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Lecture

Lecture 2

5 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay

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RLG100 Lecture 2 22:19
Judaism
- basically first major monotheistic religion
- ranges from ultra orthodox to secular Jews
main creed of Judaism Shema basically boils down to the Lord is ONE
- while Israel the nation did not exist well into the past, it still held significance in
Jewish culture - a common term in Jewish tradition
- Time and history holds importance to Judaism, i.e. god creating the universe,
adam and eve etc… these events happen in a sequence, a progression
- later events assume the same type of sequence or progression. This is how we
know history today
- this is also reflected in the deep importance of ritual within Judaism
First five parts of the Hebrew Bible the Pentateuch (five scrolls)
The Torah (teaching) typically attributed to Moses
These sacred texts are interpreted in different ways, both literally and
metaphorically as well as the historical-critical approach
- this historical-critical approach started in the 19th century.. some german dude
was the first to take a look at the Pentateuch and rather than accept that Moses
was totally responsible for it figured that it was divisible into four distinct sources
- Yahwist (J)
- Elohist (E)
- Deuteronomic (D)
- Priestly (P)
Genesis (creation, beginning..start)
- story of creation, Adam and Eve etc. can vary in translation and religion. Different
parts are emphasized
- Noah and the Ark.. this story is found in many different traditions. This story sets
the stage for and important thing, and agreement made between God and his people
- Tower of Babel reference to Babylon.. tower located In modern Iraq
Abraham the first Patriarch, father of Judaism
- the notion of convenant (i.e. the covenant Abraham made with God) is marked by
circumcision in Judaism **connection her between myth and ritual
five Patriarchs.. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (Israel), Joseph, Moses
- Jacob was renamed Israel (struggle with God)
Hebrew ancient language
Hebrews followers of Abraham
www.notesolution.com
Israelites children of Israel (Jacob) descendants of Hebrews
Jewish/Jews/Judaism later, more specific term
Exodus Moses leads the Israelites out of Egypt
Passover is the most important event in Jewish calendar.. celebrated with special
meal.. unleavened bread
Ten Commandments:
- moves away from the notion of a general faith and love idea, and towards specific
actions to be avoided
- commandments stored in the ark of the covenant stores a new covenant, a
renewal of the contract the Israelites had with God
Israelites go to Canaan.. defeat people (david and goliath, metaphor?) Judges are
early leaders, then Saul, David, his son Solomon
Prophets (Hosea, Amos, and later Ezekiel, Isiah, etc.)
721 BCE fall of northern kingdom (Israel) to Assyrian empire
586 BCE southern kingdom(Judah) conquered by Babylonian Empire
- this was the start of Babylonian exile (all the jews were carted off in exile to be
slaves in Babylonia. This became an important event, it forced the Jews to continue
on their faith, a process of internalization occurred where they found out what it
meant to bring their religion with them
- during exile:
- formation of Jewishness
- emphasis on synagogue (means a place you can get together)
- more prophets
Basically what starts to happen is a large Jewish community is formed in
Babylonia
Persians conquer Babylonians and lift the exile on the Jews, most go back home.
IMPORTANT IDEA.. Exile and Return
- life basically returns to what it was.. very centralized around the new temple that
is built
This is known as the second temple era, beginning 515 BCE
Concept of messiah (anointed one) emerges
In the 4th century Alexander the Great conquers a huge area, including Israel
www.notesolution.com

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Description
RLG100 Lecture 2 22:19 Judaism - basically first major monotheistic religion - ranges from ultra orthodox to secular Jews main creed of Judaism Shema basically boils down to the Lord is ONE - while Israel the nation did not exist well into the past, it still held significance in Jewish culture - a common term in Jewish tradition - Time and history holds importance to Judaism, i.e. god creating the universe, adam and eve etc these events happen in a sequence, a progression - later events assume the same type of sequence or progression. This is how we know history today - this is also reflected in the deep importance of ritual within Judaism First five parts of the Hebrew Bible the Pentateuch (five scrolls) The Torah (teaching) typically attributed to Moses These sacred texts are interpreted in different ways, both literally and metaphorically as well as the historical-critical approach th - this historical-critical approach started in the 19 century.. some german dude was the first to take a look at the Pentateuch and rather than accept that Moses was totally responsible for it figured that it was divisible into four distinct sources - Yahwist (J) - Elohist (E) - Deuteronomic (D) - Priestly (P) Genesis (creation, beginning..start) - story of creation, Adam and Eve etc. can vary in translation and religion. Different parts are emphasized - Noah and the Ark.. this story is found in many different traditions. This story sets the stage for and important thing, and agreement made between God and his people - Tower of Babel reference to Babylon.. tower located In modern Iraq Abraham the first Patriarch, father of Judaism - the notion of convenant (i.e. the covenant Abraham made with God) is marked by circumcision in Judaism **connection her between myth and ritual five Patriarchs.. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (Israel), Joseph, Moses - Jacob was renamed Israel (struggle with God) Hebrew ancient language Hebrews followers of Abraham www.notesolution.com
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