Class Notes (939,537)
CA (549,739)
UTSG (46,496)
SOC (3,381)
SOC313H1 (113)
Lecture

Architecture

5 Pages
78 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC313H1
Professor
Tyler Frederick

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
SOC313H1
March 6, 2012
1
Mass incarceration
Over the last 20 years, there’s been a moderate decrease in crime. In the UK it was a pretty
steady drop.
Quite slow at first, then UK exceeds US crime rate and picked up within the last 2
decades.
Net increase in incarceration
1981-2001 it rose by 3 times: 300% increase.
o In the UK it rose by 1.5 times.
o In Canada it rose by 1.11, modest increase
In the US you can see it as a decoupling of the incarceration
In the UK the two are more synchronized, increase in crime rate and
increase in incarceration
In Canada there are a little decoupling. Less crime and little incarceration.
Not mass like in the US
Simon’s talks about the huge jump in the US. Some of it we see with the documentation
of three-strikes. He suggests 3 things you should think about
1. Shift in public sentiment capitalizing on high profile cases
2. War on drugs 1970s, close to 2 million drug arrests in 2009.
3. Push towards mutual growth, strong internal pressure to get larger.
a. i.e. the involvement of the prison guards in California.
Community based-sanctions: some kind of community program: transcarceration.
Architecture
Not just about architecture specifically, however about the control of space.
Situation Crime Prevention
A bit of reaction to other ways of thinking about crime.
Prevention focused
o Focus on the situation
Practice focused
o Theoretical
Dissatisfied with project to change motives
Rational choice
o Offenders are more or less just anyone. We go into situations and we make
calculations
SOC313H1
March 6, 2012
2
o Use calculations to predict crime
3 principles:
o Increase effort make it harder
o Enhance risk detection being in front of the class
o Reduce value of reward
Routine activities theory
Context shapes the way these players come together:
Motivated offenders
Suitable targets
o V.I.V.A
Visibility
Inertia how portable is what you want?
Value
Access is the door locked?
o Does this only apply to property crime?
Capable guardians
o Camera, pedestrian, neighbour
Environment (and social trends) shapes how these things come together
C.rime P.revention T.hrough E.nvironmental D.esign
Natural surveillance
Access control: key pass/key
Territorial reinforcement
Maintenance broken windows theory. You need upkeep.
Critiques?
o Who’s illegitimate and how do you define that?
Disneyworld
Exemplar of modern private corporate policing
Discipline and control are hidden: in costume.
o Their outfit matches the area they’re in and blends in seamlessly. But, still control
agents. i.e. secret shopping
o The modern corporate policing is defined by the hidden control
Opportunities for disorder are minimized
o Controls have other functions: i.e. flower beds direct traffic, pushing people in a
certain direction
o Subtle architectural controls

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
SOC313H1 1 March 6 2012Mass incarceration Over the last 20 years theres been a moderate decrease in crime In the UK it was a pretty steady dropQuite slow at first then UK exceeds US crime rate and picked up within the last 2 decadesNet increase in incarceration19812001 it rose by 3 times 300 increase o In the UK it rose by 15 times o In Canada it rose by 111 modest increaseIn the US you can see it as a decoupling of the incarcerationIn the UK the two are more synchronized increase in crime rate and increase in incarcerationIn Canada there are a little decoupling Less crime and little incarceration Not mass like in the USSimons talks about the huge jump in the US Some of it we see with the documentation of threestrikes He suggests 3 things you should think about 1 Shift in public sentimentcapitalizing on high profile cases 2 War on drugs1970s close to 2 million drug arrests in 20093 Push towards mutual growth strong internal pressure to get larger a ie the involvement of the prison guards in California Community basedsanctions some kind of community program transcarceration ArchitectureNot just about architecture specifically however about the control of spaceSituation Crime Prevention A bit of reaction to other ways of thinking about crimePrevention focused o Focus on the situationPractice focused o TheoreticalDissatisfied with project to change motivesRational choice o Offenders are more or less just anyone We go into situations and we make calculations
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit