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Chapter 12 - SOC.docx

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Week 6 – Social Control Prof. S. Ungar Chapter 12: Sociology of the Body: Disability, Aging and Death Page 299 – 304 N I/TUCK  Embedded in the idea that our bodies reflect our selves  The standards in which we define as a normal or desirable body vary historically  A person’s height, weight, and perceived attractiveness influence his/her annual income, health, likelihood of getting married, and much else  Relationship b/w body and society is very apparent in the case of disability th o 19 century – dominant treatment involved the rehabilitation and integration of ppl w/ disabilities into normal society o Early 20 century – some governments tried to eliminate ppl w/ disabilities altogether th o Late 20 century – ppl w/ disabilities began to assert their dignity & normality  Age is one basis of social inequality o Due to improved social policy and medical advances, the social condition of the aged is much better  The ultimate social problems – dying and death SOCIETY AND THEH UMAN BODY The Body and Social Status Height  An experiment showed that people believe the physical stature reflects social stature o Students thought the individuals w/ a higher social status were taller o Ex. Professor was the tallest, undergraduate was the shortest, but they were both the same height)  Genes are an important determinant of any particular individual’s height o Great majority of human populations are apprx the same genetically o A complex series of social consequences flow from differences in height  A higher standard of living led to improved diet that allowed the human body to reach its full potential o Correlation b/w per capita family income & avg height across many countries is very high  There is also a correlation b/w stature & class position o Scandinavians were the exceptions – b/c class inequality is less pronounced in Sweden, Norwa
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