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SOC101Y1 (985)
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Lecture 7

SOC220 Lecture 7

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SOC220 Lecture 7 11/7/2012 Position Paper 6 different reasons why social inequality is harmful Choose one to agree or disagree with Title page is not required Gender Inequality We must consider the difference between sex and gender - Sex: biological criteria (what’s in between one’s legs) - Gender: the social construction of difference as it relates to biology o Configurations of behavior and activities - Simone de Beauvoir: “One is not born, but rather becomes, a women” o The construction of gender through different factors o A women’s situation in life is not the result of her personal character, but her characters is the result of her situation o Women are not born feminine; femininity is a product of a lifetime of conditioning and socialization o Gender applies to men as well, in a similar way a women isn’t born feminine, men also learn their power o This notation that women is the condition through construction as “the other” o Women is constantly defined in opposition of men; anti-women o Key attributes come with women imminence, passive, static, inferior o Men, transcendence, active, creative, powerful, outwardly orientated o Any person should have a combination of transcendence and imminence, but men deny transcendence to women  Symbolized negatively if women display acts of transcendence  Complexity o Only in the sphere of work, can women exercise autonomy o Productive and reproductive of labor, women have to be able to leave the home to be involved in productive labor - The Royal Commission on the Status of Women (1967) o P.M. Lester B Pearson o Ensure equal opportunities and treatment of women in Canadian society - Findings o Women are still subordinated and made to depend on men in society o Women are not people ‘in her own right’ o Married women face additional challenges to acquiring credit  Based on the assumption of dependency o Women held less than 1% of positions in corporate boardrooms o In 5 provinces, a woman’s consent is not sufficient for under age marriage o Women were highly under-represented in politics - 167 recommendations o Allow women the right to choose to be sterilized without penalty o Allow women the right to equal pay as men o Allow women the right to equal opportunity for hiring o Allow women n to use their ‘maiden’ name on legal documents Contemporary inequality - In the workplace o Industries dominated by women have lower rewards (5-19%) o Within industries, women are rewarded less (approx. 30%) - Cultural devaluation of women’s work o More worth and prestige is assigned to work done by men (by men and women) o Under reward the skills closely associated with women’s work o Even in reproduction - Restricts upward mobility for women in the workforce (status, pay) o Due to the fact that women’s main responsibility
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