Lorne Tepperman Tuesday, October 2, 2012
Sociology lecture 4
Racial and Ethnic Inequalities
Test number 1 is two weeks from today info on blackboard.
Why race and ethnicity?
Immigration is historic and on going. People leave they’re homes to escape
war, politics, genocide, ect.
Wars all around the world are often ethnic based. Genocide has taken place
many places against many different races.
Ethnic/racial issues remain a problem today
Reminder: Habits of inequalities theory
Collectively imagined on basis of a supposedly important natural difference
Many problems discussed today begin with this.
Societies vary in degree and kinds of inequalities they show over time and
SNPNS- look for this in suggested readings
Today narratives of blames will be called mythologies
Mythologies attach moral meanings to these differences
Under conditions of inequalities their will always be a struggle
Differentiation and orientalism
Which diff become inequalities and why?
How and why differentiations arise historically
Good place to start is with:
Edward Said’s book Orientalism
This book deals with the westerners and middle easterners. How westerners
perceive the orient.
He says westerners see middle east as weird, sensual, different, through
fantasy imagery, harems
“the orient is strange” Said says oriental is sweeping generalization and a
Oriental man is feminine weak and strangely dangerous because of threat
they pose to western women
Oriental women are eager to be dominated and exotic
IMAGINE A HAREM
When mythology is created telling that other people are fundamentally
different you can change politics negatively (dehumanize)
Subjection of subordinates is accompanied by this
Tropes- images the writer intends to make in your mind Sexual fantasies
Play part in racism
The fear of whit men thinking white women finding black men attractive is
The social process of identifying and stressing racial or ethnic differences
This pulls on a differing feature and says it is important
Class position vs. economic inequalities
Distinctions b/w races and ethnic groups may reflect class diff
People can be streamed into occupation due to racial groups
Must make clear distinction between class and race
Race and ethnicity is NOT the same
Race is set of people with physical or genetic characteristics
Ethnicity is people who share common characteristics that distinguish them
from other groups in society
“ you can be black and polish” your race and ethnicity are not the same
ethnicity is a social construct
Survival of ethnic group
some ethnic groups can disappear (dutch Canadians?)
imagined communities- people who group together to keep culture alive in