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Monday February 25 2013.doc

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Monday February 25 2013 - paper- speak to TA, need an argument, back it up, and don’t assume, critical analysis by weighing thinkers -There is a new theme starting and that is authority - there are many kinds of authority like religious authority - moral authority- church is supposed to be upholding behavior in an institution and this is the type of authority we wont be looking at much - we will look at political authority, and authoritarian - the French revolution is an example of political authority like the erosion of the kings authority and rightness of rule is coming into question - public opinion is another strand of authority- there are a number of questions attached to public opinion such as should public opinion rule? should it be trusted? - when we look at public opinion we look at what are the reasons such as if it is part of emotions or should it be trusted? should it be up holded by kings? - think of colonialism as the question is to what extent does the conqueror have authority? Political Authority: Thomas Hobbes wrote in England at the time of civil war- his writings write a strong justification for a strong sovereign and goes on peace and strong security and his argument is that when there is no strong authority there is a strong anarchy. Hobbes claims that such a situation is freighting and the best situation is to scarifies their freedom to a greater power (greater sovereign) and gain security in return, To achieve peace I give sovereign absolute power to enforce the law. Hobbes wrote the time in England during a time when kings sovereign were exposed and were living in a time of death and Hobbes was grasping with this problem. He believed to live under a great sovereign than anarchy that has lack of security. He believes that if we do not give our freedom than we will not have an absolute security. Do we have to give all our freedom though? - in the envision of Iraq there was authority but it was contested by the shiyah and also contested by the Kurds who wanted to take advantage of this political instability and express themselves . Ministries were damaged and most major institutions and when you think of Iraq you think of meseptopian the greatest museums that were destroyed. This has planted in the civilians a loos of respect of the civilians because they had no authority on looters who would steal and would not pose a order. Americans created well opponents to the president by destroying those in power under the rule of Saddam regime who had experience and were out of jobs. - the ministry of interior- the US had suspended this and police making thousands lose their jobs - It created more anger towards the US and this Is one example of authority in politics showing that maintaining it is not an easy task – this example illustrates that what we take for granted such as political authority has many parts to it such as military Public opinion: - nihilism – the stem for nothing which is the absence of belief - crime and punishment- Duste aswski – he writes in Russia and was sympathetic to nihilism. 20 years later he is a firm believes and writes an apology and what he does in this book try to create the strongest argument for religious authority by referring to children who are not sinful and talks about the evil that has happened to these children and he makes the case of how can a god be in existence when these evil things are happening to children. In crime and punishment on the other hand is about a man who has created a murder and does not have a clear view of the reality around him. He than falls in love with prostitute who he finds a sane because she is in love with this murderer. At the end of the novel this nihilist is now than converted to believing in this love. Duste was describing a nihilist mind and emotions that were disoriented with nihilism. - there is not a confidence in moral authority in groups or individuals approaching at this time in European thought Situating Authority 1. Power 2. Domination 3. (a) coercion (b) Authority 4. Legitimacy and Legitimation 5. The function of authority? 1. When we are talking about power it is useful to refer it back to influence having things fulfilled without having many people doing things. 2. Domination is what we have in mind when Weber talks about the probability of a command coming into obey. There are two kinds which are coercion which are threats and the other form is authority which is people obey not so much for people in fear but for the right of the command which is a right thing to do. In this class we will talk about authority more which is linked to rightness which is also linked to legitimacy 3. Legitimacy- the rightness of the rule and the legitimation is the proves of that legitimacy. The idea that the decision is right like in our society it is right because they were elected and back than it was right because they were a king. - a example of a shop keeper giving money to mafia is a form of coercion because they do not have a legitimate authority but as they are to give it to the state – is it a form of authority? Many believe that it is not a form of authority since the shop keeper believes why should I pay tax when the state cant take care of authority in this country - Kozer- is making the value of authority stating that without authority there is no bonds within individual and communities - in the book of the Lord of
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