those who are called, and purifies the region of the soul from all that is discordant,
providing a foundation for faith. But the Lord, having knowledge of hearts and
foreknowing all that will happen, has foreknowing all that will happen has
foreknowledge from the outset of both human instability and of the devil’s subtle wiles,
and how, envying humanity the forgiveness of sins, he would present to the servants of
God occasions for sinning, cleverly plotting evil that they might fall together with
himself. Accordingly, the Lord, abounding in mercy, has granted a second repentance
(metanoia deutera) to those who, though in the faith, have fallen into any discordance;
so that should any be tempted after their calling, overcome by force or fraud, they may
still receive a repentance not be repented of
This imposter (callistus).. established a school in antagonism to the teachings of the
church. He was the first to think up a way o collusing wih thte sinul pleasures of men,
saying to all that he himself would remit their sins… and those hearing him, overjoyed
with his tenets, contine deluding themselves and many others, and crowds stream into his
school. So his followers multiply, and they exult in throngs attending for the sake of
pleasures that chritst did not permit.for in contempt of hIM, THEY FORBID NO KIND
OF SIN, ALLEGING THAT CHRist will remit the offenses they have approved of
The Decian Persecution(249-51)
imperial edict demands universal sacrifices to the gods
leads to widespread apostacy in the Christian churches across the empire
- the Novatianist schism
he believes that one reasn why the empire is going through this crisis is because the
Romans have lost their virtues, people no longer as religious as they were, the roman
ideology the reason why they were such successful empire bec they were more
religious.the romans regarded their empire as a gift from the gods and the gods preserved
the roman power. When a society undergoes threat they try to revive tradition and
religion, bec maybe our troubles are due to having lost our previous devotion to god.
He issues a decree across the empire, except the Jews all the other inhabitants of the
empire have to go to the shrine and make sacrifices tot eh gods, and they receive
certificates proving that they have done this.
How did the Christian members of the Roman empire handle this problem?
-sign a certificate that you have always sacrificed to the gods.
-that would be apostacy and idolatatory and concealing in a way that you are a Christian.
-christians were called upon that they were Christians, Christians were expected not to
conceal that they were Christians, so to pretend that they had made sacrifices all their
lives. They had to eat the meats, worship idols and pretend they were not Christians.
martyr(to bear witness/ testify)