•Course Outline: cover 3 topics; and 2 classes to do this. Absolutely need
a full comprehensive lecture on private policing.
•Leaves two topics: too classes need to accomplish this.
•Question covering more or less—areas not hit on specifically in the
final. Each question will deal with a specific topic.
•Format: identical to the midterm
•Still responsible for issues of transnational issues: ---responsible for
MARK Neocluous**** on the exam. –on New Science.
•Appears in a magazine of March 10, 2009.
•The title is Private cops take me down.
•While the policing services use to be the exclusive domain of the state,
significant transformation in the past 40 years in Canada have
resulted in the development of quite complex network. The state
remains a significant player in delivering service. In terms of
regulation, but growingly it is not the only institution involved in the
protection of individual and belongings. A significant portion of
policing activities are being performed by agencies that are being
performed outside of the confines of the government. We are
experiencing the pluralization of policing. **
•Pluaralizaiton of policing:: outside of the government
•Policing is being offered by private companies and community groups.
The state also provides private policing services.
•You can think of major events of lots of people together: and the need
here to have a lot of bodies—you see the state itself. Think of the
Olympics for example.
•A significant use of private personnel and want to quantify this.
•84 thousand personnel deployed across Canada, for public police there
is 62 thousand. Public police officers were outnumbered.
•From 1996-2001---the number of public police officers grew at a rate of
6% versus a growth rate of 2% for private personnel.
•In 2001, the picture changes in 2001.
•Since 2001, there is exponential growth (because the public is so
fearful). The number of police officers have remained stable.
•In the U.S., 3 times more private agents since 2001 than pubic police
•Individual communities also stepped up their resources.