WDW101Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Toronto Police Service, Toronto Star

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Published on 6 Dec 2012
WDW205 Lecture 12 11/26/2012
Race, Immigration and Crime
- APA citation is generally used in social sciences
- Don’t begin sentences with conjunctions “and, so, but”
- Don’t include a big introduction
- Include general limitations (can be found in the text) then branch off
- Question 2, use two theories that compliment each other (overlapping)
Should the criminal justice system collect and analyze information on race, ethnicity, and
immigration status? (Such information is extremely rare)
The argument against the collection of ethnicity data
- Problems with official crime data
- Difficulty of measuring race/ethnicity
- Data could be used to justify discrimination against particular racial/ethnic groups
o 80-90% success rate in identifying an individuals race/ethnicity
o 3 major race categories, black, white and Asian
o USA has trouble distinguished between the 3, south Asian, middle eastern,
o The lack of will to release this data they will say, “trying to protect racial
minority groups”
o Could make Canada look bad, possible racial bias in the justice system
o Could damage the relationships between racial minorities with the court,
police and justice system
o Need it to identify, track racial minority challenges
- Data could be used to damage the operation or reputation of the criminal justice
- Data could produce distrust between the justice system and racial minority groups
The argument in favor of ethnicity data
- Could be used to identify racial/ethnic bias
- Could e used to identify and respond to important crime problems
- Race/ethnicity data from other countries is widely available in Canada
- Racialized depictions of race and crime are widespread in the Canadian media
- The ban on race-crime statistics has not prevented stereotypes or racial
- Date could improve police-race relations by providing transparency
Critical theory and the media
- Powerful persons and institutions have preferential access to the media
- News processing leads to the reproduction and legitimation of the ideologies of the
political and economic elite
- The media promotes a white, male and middle-class perspective of news events
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