Policing Oct 13- Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Woodsworth College Courses
John Vervaeke

4 questions, answer 3 questions Can use point form Not responsible for Marie Corsiano If cant get through on police powers, still responsible for the reading components for todays class Everything contained on the slide you were forwarded, dealing with police powers. Topics: question on every topic we looked at Lecture Five: 1) Political Era (Traditional Policing) 2) Professional Era (Reform Era) Talked about some of the problems, and shortcomings a shift to a third modeltypology: 3) Community Policing (1980s --- ?) o some debate in the literature or have we moved beyond community policing. o Tension only reason for the hesitancy has to do with the shift of policing that takes place after the attack of New York after 911, there was been such suspicion with regard to the role of the police officers. o When we know that in some jurisdictionspolice officers was for immigration issues. o Key tenants of community policing: Require police officers to work closely with community agents to help coproduce security, order is understood as coproduction of community safety and security. The law is still utilizes the law as the key form of legitimizing activity. All still about the criminal code just as it during the professional era, what happens is that police realize need more local people-coming from criminal code. Great similarity: return of police officers back into the community-the political era. Very high profile. Realization dawns that the police needs to get back into the community; deploy back into the community era. Distinct shift away from reactive policing. See the return of the beat officer, see the police officer riding on bicycles-being nice to the neighbourhood. Having the police officer active in all community affairs. Very active in things like fundraising affairs, sponsor a lot www.notesolution.com of after school programs, crime prevention programs, things like neighbourhood watches, etc. Police officer has to be understood as a STAKE HOLDER** The notion that police officers are like any one of us police officers like us, we all have a stake in prevention, we all have a stake in zoning laws, business law, very active in the community. In terms of our stake we are all complicit. In terms of organization, this is increased decentralization, we see this in this model increased decentralized, we see police officers dispersed in local settings; also the reemergence of foot patrols. Not based away two way communication radio-still elements of that, not the focus. Proactive type of policing**** Have to be resocialized in this role, but also of the police institution. Community policing is the dominant for late modern policing; not only true for Canada. Are we at the end of the era? talk about this in later lectures Summarize Three Eras: 1) Political Era: o clearly problematic, very close to the people they police; this is fabulous, may be successful in terms of crime prevention intiatives, the system was quite rife with corruption and became ineffective. Also the way the system was set up made it easy for individuals to target groups they do not like by the police; the groups the police does not like does not change from era to era. 2) Professional Era: o Great improvement from terms of training and coverage. The police were able to cover more terrain because of technological innovation. Also, benefited in terms of independence; during the professional era, they become professionalized. o In terms of effectiveness; great concerns emerged particularly concerns over the success and outcome when you are utilizing a almost reactive policing: major issues. 3) Community Policing: o Full service personalized policing o Police and public work in partnership; not to solve problems but to identify problems. www.notesolution.com
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