W8 WDW383H1.docx

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Woodsworth College Courses
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Sandra Bucerius

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W8 WDW383H1 First generations immigrants are on average lower crime rate   Explanation: assume that self select the immigration and thy wanted to come to the country/ make everything to make good use for better economic opportunities/ children are a motivating factors/ most are very hard work and ready to differ immediate gratification to get long term advancement  Too much is at stake for them to get involved in crime/ they comply with the law  The children of first generation much more prone to criminal activity/ in nd Netherlands and Germany, 2 generation crime rate exceed the native/ in north American countries, the 2 are more prone to crime then 1 st generation but not as much as Canadian or American o Main explanation: assimilation (the more you become Canadian the nd more you get to engage in the same behavior)/ the 2 generation never actively chose to immigrate/ 2 generation tends to view act of discrimination ass systemic discrimination whereas 1 generation view it as just bad apples/ caught between two world (opposing st value systems, don’t know where they stand)/ndhe 1 generation see advantages from their home country and 2 generation doesn’t have that comparison, they tend to compare themselves to the people of the new country/ what about the role of ethnicity? (Most Asian, Russian, Jew preform at every high levels at educational system and low crime rates, and not much true for other ethnicity) 9/11  Had a huge influence for immigrants in western countries/ all hijackers were not US citizens but not illegal/ none of them have been previously drawn to criminal or justice problem  Policy changes post 9/11 were mainly to keep borders safe/ the changes affected non-citizens but also citizens of the country o In US, a bill which increased government to supervise all residents/ also adopted by the UK/ majority of British public did not support these politics and dissatisfied with government positions o In Germany: new legislation increased to police force and increased their power (like religion bawdy which thought not to be conformed and a treat to democracy)/ over 80% of the institution in the watch list are not in any other country o France: passed legislation and provided more means and power to police enforcement to invade daily life/ mainly aimed at control immigrant youth in disadvantage area  In US: policies has been increasingly intertwined (in the name of ‘war against terrorism’)/ assumption to the public that immigrants are suspects first/ initiative have influence on ordinary citizens / lots of racial profiling toward middle eastern and Muslims living in US/ o Penttbom investigation (see slide) (people who’s visa has expired and middle eastern were targeted o Patriot Act (see slides) (exaggerated and serious intrusion to daily life, but gained support from the public in the name of war against terrorism)/ the definition of suspect terrorism was really wide and ambiguous that everyone can be detained if immigrant o 4 amendment (you do need to have reason o do search and need probable cause)  contrary to previous policies o Guantanamo (people held in prison/ torture aspects/ interrogations/ since unconstitutional in the US so they went elsewhere/ o NCEERS (see slide) use as tracking devices/ interviewed about 5000 from Muslim country/ supposed to be voluntary, but out of fear to lose residence, everyone participated/ none of them actually identified people who were involved in people who were involved in terrorism The impact of the fear of terrorism  I
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