Anthropology 2229F/G Lecture Notes - Ascribed Status, Kinship

26 views3 pages
Published on 18 Jul 2012
Department
Lecture 26 Part 3 Sociological Organization: Ranked/Chiefdoms
Ranked/Chiefdoms
o Transegalitarian: shift from egalitarian to non-egalitarian
More recent term
o Hunter-gatherers (rare) and horticulturalists/agriculturalists
Most are horticulturalists or agriculturalists
Some remain hunter-gatherers if there are dense resources
Very rare
Complex Hunter-Gatherers
o Medium size (1000s)
Still live in small areas
1,000 or more, up to 30,000
o Not fluid
Relatively permanent from birth
Membership determined by kinship
o Fictive Kinship (clans), Marriage and Sodalities
Very similar to tribes
Ties of descent as well as marriage ties
Sodalities to serve a specific purpose
o Non-Egalitarian
Achieved and ascribed status
More complex: more people, more organization requires
centralized decision making
Clans based on descent,
Some have more rights and privileges that others
At birth, some get more rights and privileges than
others; ascribed status
Some people more important than others; get access to
better things, etc.
Ranking of descent groups
Leaders come from the highest ranking descent group
Called “chiefs”, inherited status
Still some achievement to leadership
More than one person could have claim to have the
authority to be the decision-maker
Based on the abilities of the individual
Leadership a combination of achieved and ascribed status
More permanent hereditary rights
Vary greatly in various groups
Authority of the leader/chief may be small; can be easily
deposed
o Lead more by example
o Simple chiefdoms
Authority of paramount chief/leader is great
o Can have power over life and death
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Lecture 26 part 3 sociological organization: ranked/chiefdoms. Ranked/chiefdoms: transegalitarian: shift from egalitarian to non-egalitarian. More recent term: hunter-gatherers (rare) and horticulturalists/agriculturalists. Some remain hunter-gatherers if there are dense resources. 1,000 or more, up to 30,000: not fluid. Membership determined by kinship: fictive kinship (clans), marriage and sodalities. Ties of descent as well as marriage ties. Sodalities to serve a specific purpose: non-egalitarian. More complex: more people, more organization requires centralized decision making. Some have more rights and privileges that others. At birth, some get more rights and privileges than others; ascribed status. Some people more important than others; get access to better things, etc. Leaders come from the highest ranking descent group. More than one person could have claim to have the authority to be the decision-maker. Based on the abilities of the individual. Leadership a combination of achieved and ascribed status. Authority of the leader/chief may be small; can be easily deposed: lead more by example, simple chiefdoms.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.