Anthropology 2229F/G Lecture Notes - Koster Site, Ascribed Status, Grave Goods

17 views2 pages
Published on 18 Jul 2012
School
Western University
Department
Anthropology
Course
Anthropology 2229F/G
Lecture 30 Part 1 Burials
Archaeologists don’t just dig up graves!
Certain things that we can find out through burials that aren’t present
anywhere else
o Social aspects: e.g. sexual division of labour
1. Grave Locus/Location
o Where are the graves located and what is there distribution?
o Can give a number of clues of the status of individuals
o Three kinds of burials:
True cemeteries
Not amongst the debris
Spatial areas for the deceased and carrying out the
appropriate rituals
Special area dedicated to burial and burial rituals
Burial plots/grounds
Multiple individuals but not true cemeteries
Areas not set aside specifically for burying the deceased
Often not marked, just buried within the occupation
area
Individual burials
Usually just one or two individuals, not recognized as a
burial area
o Tie into social aspects in many ways
Associated with tribes ranked societies, not in band
societies
Result of higher population densities, more restrictions on
movement and much more territorial
Cemeteries are a symbolic expression
Even expression of greater territoriality burial of
ancestors (people from whom you gained your status,
etc.)
Very powerful expression of territorial control
Marked with distinctive markers, mounds, etc.
People not necessarily buried in the ground, could be on
scaffolds, etc.
Might not appear in the archaeological record
Depends on redundancy of land use, how often the people
come back
E.g. entrenched mobility
Can get at:
What makes you a person in that society
o Not everyone ends up in the cemeteries, could be
because of status or what it means to be a
member of that society (“personhood”)
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Certain things that we can find out through burials that aren"t present anywhere else: social aspects: e. g. sexual division of labour. Grave locus/location: where are the graves located and what is there distribution, can give a number of clues of the status of individuals, three kinds of burials: Spatial areas for the deceased and carrying out the appropriate rituals. Special area dedicated to burial and burial rituals. Areas not set aside specifically for burying the deceased. Often not marked, just buried within the occupation area. Usually just one or two individuals, not recognized as a: tie into social aspects in many ways burial area. Associated with tribes ranked societies, not in band societies. Result of higher population densities, more restrictions on movement and much more territorial. Even expression of greater territoriality burial of ancestors (people from whom you gained your status, etc. ) People not necessarily buried in the ground, could be on scaffolds, etc.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.