Class Notes (836,321)
Canada (509,732)
Anthropology (869)
Lecture 5

Lecture 5 - Information about Sites.pdf

3 Pages
103 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
Anthropology 1020E
Professor
Christopher Ellis
Semester
Winter

Description
Where  are  Sites  Found?   ▯ • No  easy  answer…  not  always  buried  down  in  the  earth  to  be  dug  up     • ButLike  bison  kill  s▯es,  might  be  found  the  site  might  be  using  given/found  evidence     ▯ • ▯ How  are  Sites  Found?   • Most  of  the  ▯mes  they  are  hard  to  miss,  (pyramids,  the  pantheon,  parthenon...etc.)   • Ancient  ci▯es  -­‐-­‐-­‐>  but  are  excep▯ons  rather  than  a  rule     • Could  be  found  looking  at  wri▯en  records  -­‐-­‐-­‐>  this  is    some▯mes  BIASED  !   • By  actually  going  on  a  mission,  to  find  a  certain  thing…  planned  out  before  se▯ng  out     • Archeological  surveying     ▯ ▯ How  are  Sites  Inves▯gated?   ▯ • By  excava▯on  mostly  but  not  always  necessary  to  dig  it  up…   • Collect  mad  map  ar▯facts  on  a  surface  of  ploughed     ▯ • Ex.  Remote  sensing,  ground  penetra▯ng  radar,  magnetometers,  etc…   ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Informa▯on  found  in  a  Sites   ▯ Ar▯facts:     • Major  source  of  informa▯on     • Objects  that  were  used  by  the  people     • Also  the  debris  that  tools  are  made  from   Would  include  things  like  bones  of  animals,  seeds,  and  plants  found  in  sites  brought  in/out   • or  things  modified  by  people     • Eco-­‐factors:  can  tells  us:   -­‐ Bones/seeds  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐>  past  diet   -­‐ Bones  with  butchering  marks  how  animals  were  butchered  up     • What  you  find  in  a  site  depends  on  its  preserva▯on  methods:   -­‐ Example   -­‐ Stone:  preserves  indefinitely  -­‐-­‐-­‐>  Scytheians   -­‐ Organics:  leather,  bone,  wood,  seeds,  do  not  preserve  for  ever,  not  for  a  long   period  of  ▯me  that  is  under  normal  condi▯ons  -­‐-­‐-­‐>  unfortunately  many  human   things  are  organics  so  ….  Tough  luck   • BUT...organics  preserve  be▯er  in  very  very  very  cold  (Arc▯c)  climate,  or  very  very  dry,   sandy  climate  (Deserts),  or  very  very  wet  climates  (peat,  bogs,  mud)   • This  is  because  Oxygen  cannot  oxidize  the  organics     -­‐ Example     -­‐ bog  people  of  Europe     -­‐ Dry  caves  of  West  USA  (sandals/baskets  were  found  because  it  so  freaking  dry)   -­‐ Natural  mummies  in  Peru  (naturally  mummified)   -­‐ Dead  sea  scrolls     -­‐ Scytheians  -­‐-­‐-­‐>  2000  years  go  in  Northern  Russia     -­‐ Dug  into  permafrost  to  bury  the  dead   -­‐ Since  it  was  so  cold,  the  bodies  froze  because  water  leaked  into  and   froze  everything  in  its  path,  encasing  the  bodies  in  a  frozen  crystal  state,   leaving
More Less

Related notes for Anthropology 1020E

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit