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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 - Archaeology in the Americas

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Anthropology 2229F/G
Christopher Ellis

Lecture 4Archaeology in the Americas y Speculative Period pre1840 o Not much in the way of fieldwork o Focus on who build the mounds o Largely racistethnocentricMounds must have been made by some other race other than the Natives o Why no fieldworkOther concerns at the timeFlat past didnt have a rich past in the AmericasThought Natives were in the earliest stages of cultural evolutionNot much history to document y ClassificatoryDescriptive 18401914 o Creation of the Smithsonian Institution in the 1840s focus on Native history o Westward expansion and encountering new native groups o By 1840s little real wilderness left to explore o Equated Natives were a part of the wilderness that they were conqueringThought that Native lifeways would disappear o Have to save what was left of the wilderness o First professional archaeologists and ethnographers to investigate record etc history of Native peopl
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