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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 Part 1 – Archaeology in the Americas

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
Anthropology 2229F/G
Professor
Christopher Ellis

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Lecture 5 Part 2 – Archaeology in the Americas  Cultural History: 1914-1960 o Focused on the first goal of archaeology: chronology of local sequences and comparative sequences o First real attempts by archaeologists to carry out investigations that were seen in Europe  Stratigraphic excavations, new ways of dating sites o Important contributors:  Alfred Kidder  Nels Nelson o Pioneered ways of dating by using archaeological methods o Also invented frequency seriation  Frequencies of objects over time, can get fine changes over time o Discoveries made:  1925-1926: Folsom, New Mexico  Used to belief that native peoples had only been in the Americas for a very short period of time; about 2000- 3000 years  Bone bed of extinct bison found with stone points, named Folsom points  Proved that people had been in the Americas for at least 10,000 years; broke the time barrier  Geologists argued it was at least 12,000 years old  Discoveries throughout 1930s there were several more sites discovered with similar artifacts; confirmed deep
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