History 2201E Lecture Notes - Frederick Haldimand, Lake Ontario, Seigneurial System Of New France

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Published on 23 Nov 2012
Revolution and Loyalism: Upper Canada
Loyalist myth: the best of the best gave up everything in return for their loyalty to Britain - completely ignores the
fact that First Nations were already in Upper Canada and the maritimes - claims that loyalists made CA what it is
today - were not all patriotic; some came for land and jobs (economic advantage in CA) - loyalists would not have
left US if they were not forced out - were not anti-American (some went back to US) - some tried to introduce the
American system of government - some true loyalists arguably went back to Britain or the west Indies (where the
sugar plantations were)
Frederick Haldimand
Quebec governor
In charge of settling people
Some wanted to go to the eastern townships but he does not like the idea because it is too close to the border
Townships ran along Lake Erie and Lake Ontario
Afraid of American attacks
Rather townships be along Lake Ontario (eg: York, Kingston)
Discourages loyalists from going to Quebec because he doesn’t want tensions with French to get worse
British are not interested in the seigneurial system - would rather own land instead of have others work on their
England pays for transportation to help bring people over
Like the Maritimes, give people tools to start with
Land is given based on military ranks
Mississauga - a group of small Objiway people (British give them a different name)
Haldimand has a problem when he has to distribute land among Aboriginals who backed up the British during the
American Revolution
Six Nations (Iroquois) Confederacy
Tried to be neutral - saw British and American war as being an internal war
Six Nations could not agree among themselves which side they should side with
Split decision
Those who chose English because of their connection with William Johnson who was married to Molly Brant
(powerful First Nations woman)
William Johnson
Lived near the six nations
A part of the treaty negotiations
Powerful - worked for the British government
Joseph & Molly Brant
Joseph was Molly’s brother
Worked together with Johnson to convince First Nations people to join the British side
Six Nations were not invited to the table to take part in the treaty
They lose land
Line of proclamation was the reason for the Americans wanting to go to war
Six Nations living in upstate NY lose their land
Those looking to be loyal to the British have to move to Upper Canada
Haldimand goes to Mississauga to buy land to be able to give it to the First Nations who supported the British
during the war
Purchase some land in Kingston
Creates two settlements: Tyendinaga and Grand River
November 5, 2012
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