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Lecture

nov 5.pdf

2 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
History 2201E
Professor
Michelle Hamilton

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November 5, 2012 Revolution and Loyalism: Upper Canada Loyalist myth: the best of the best gave up everything in return for their loyalty to Britain - completely ignores the fact that First Nations were already in Upper Canada and the maritimes - claims that loyalists made CAwhat it is today - were not all patriotic; some came for land and jobs (economic advantage in CA) - loyalists would not have left US if they were not forced out - were not anti-American (some went back to US) - some tried to introduce the American system of government - some true loyalists arguably went back to Britain or the west Indies (where the sugar plantations were) Frederick Haldimand • Quebec governor • In charge of settling people • Some wanted to go to the eastern townships but he does not like the idea because it is too close to the border • Townships ran along Lake Erie and Lake Ontario Afraid ofAmerican attacks • • Rather townships be along Lake Ontario (eg: York, Kingston) • Discourages loyalists from going to Quebec because he doesn’t want tensions with French to get worse • British are not interested in the seigneurial system - would rather own land instead of have others work on their land • England pays for transportation to help bring people over • Like the Maritimes, give people tools to start with • Land is given based on military ranks • Mississauga - a group of small Objiway people (British give them a different name) • Haldimand has a problem when he has to distribute land amongAboriginals who backed up the British during the American Revolution Six Nations (Iroquois) Confederacy • Tried to be neutral - saw British andAmerican war as being an internal war • Six Nations could not agree among themselves which side they should side with • Split decision Those who chose English because of their connection with William Johnson who was married to Molly Brant • (powerful First Nations woman) • William Johnson • Lived near the six nations • Apart of the treaty negotiations • Powerful - worked for the British government • Joseph & Molly Brant • Joseph was Molly’s brother • Worked together with Johnson to convince First Nations people to join the British side • Six Nations were not invited to the table to take part in the treaty They lose land • • Line of proclamation was the reason for theAmericans wanting to go to war • Six Nations living in upstate NY lose their land • Those looking to be loyal to the British have to move to Upper Canada • Haldimand goes to Mississauga to buy land to be able to give it to the First Nations who supported the British during the war • Purchase some la
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