Class Notes (838,076)
Canada (510,662)
Health Sciences (2,105)
Lecture

HS 2711 WK 9 Lecture Notes

6 Pages
70 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Health Sciences
Course
Health Sciences 2711A/B
Professor
Aleksandra Zecevic
Semester
Winter

Description
Week 9 Lecture Notes: Aging Mind Intelligence (Crystallized and Fluid)   ▯from middle age to late life Age­Related Slowing of Information Processing: Neural Network View (Printer/Scanner Model):  ­ Neurons in brain die, breaking neural connections ­ ­ Connections between neurons are broken (like taking photocopy –  every copy after copy loses quality) – brain forms new connections  but not as clear as before, we don’t create new neurons but we can  reconnect them – (broken or damaged neurons for example) ­ new connections therefore are less efficient Information­Loss View: ­ Information is lost as it moves through cognitive system ­ Whole system slows to inspect and interpret information ­ Basically information is lost and the whole system eventually slows  down ­ Individual and group factors in high intelligence score: Lifestyle factors for high intelligence: ­ High education ­ Complex job or leisure (eg. Chess) ­ Lasting marriage ­ High SES Personal factors for high intelligence: ­ Flexible personality ­ Healthy (absence of CVD) ­ Gender ­ Perceptual speed Attention in Middle Adulthood: ­ Could be linked to slower processing ­ Practice, care and training will better performances (lumosity) More difficulties in (Mid. Adulthood+): ­ Multitasking (no point anyway) ­ Switching attention  ▯flashlamp – point it and that’s where attention  goes ­ Focusing on relevant information (cognitive imposition: brain chooses  to overlook things it doesn’t consider relevant/important) Memory in middle adulthood: ­ Working memory (fluid) decreases from 20s to 60s o Ineffective memory strategies (organization, elaboration and  linking) due to slower processing, attention problems. ­ Adults can compensate by: o Self pacing o Strategy reminders o Relevant information ­ Few changes in: factual knowledge, procedural knowledge,  metacognitive knowledge  Problem solving and expertise: Practical (applied) problem solving: ­ Evaluate real­world situations ­ Achieve goals that have high uncertainty  ­ Helped by expertise Expertise: ­ Provides efficient, effective approaches to solving problems ­ Organized around abstract principles ­ Result of years of experience Creativity: ­ Peaks in late 30s and early 40s ­ Creativity changes with age…. o From emotional (child)  ▯deliberate and thoughtful (adult) o From unusual products to integration of ideas o From egocentric (selfish) to more altruistic (selfless) goals Selective optimization with compensation: ­ Select: choose personally valued activities, avoid others ­ Optimization: devote diminishing resources to valued activities ­ Compensate: find creative ways to overcome limitations Deliberate vs. Automatic Memory: 1. Deliberate  a. Recall more difficult i. Context helps retrieval, but slower pro
More Less

Related notes for Health Sciences 2711A/B

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit