*for exam you can bring one page of notes (double-sided, typed or written) Race/ethnicity are primordial (inherited, natural, essential) elements of identity rooted in body. Passed on through blood connections and biology. Race/ethnicity is defined by self ascription and subjective belief. Constituted by shared social, cultural values and experiences. African american identity" was born in slavery. Robbed of cultural traditions, meanings, communal ties. African americans didn"t inherit their race, they"ve been shaped by history which has constructed their identity. They were subsequently born into an alienated position. Cultural meanings and representations are deployed and fixed to support certain interests (maintain white domination) People are born into a systematic structural domination sanctioned by state and isas are rendered invisible and silenced. Race is a concept which signifies and symbolizes social conflicts and interests by referring to different types of human bodies - michael omi and howard winart. Like gender, race attributes social and cultural meanings to different kinds of bodies.