Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Jeremy Bentham, Social Evolution, William Graham Sumner

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1789: declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen. Invisible hand: from self-interest to the public good. Opposes trade barriers, but supports taxation to benefit the poor. Poor are dignified industrious equally capable and entitled their fair share of goods. John stuart mills: treat of public opinion, tyranny of the majority, from laissez- Society is too complex to be controlled in the way governments want. Jeremy bentham: the original leader of the utilitarian"s. Mills was concerned with defending and extending individual rights. Enemies of liberalism in the 18th century: ascribed status, religious conformity, absolute government. Enemies of the 19th century: the growing power of public opinion (since now there were elected representatives) (the tyranny of the majority) Solution to the tyranny: the harm principle every sane adult should be free tp dp whatever he or she wants as long as it does not harm others.

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