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Lecture 3

Lecture Three of Psych 2035

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Psychology 2035A/B
Doug Hazlewood

September 24 THE SELF PART ONE: THE SELF CONCEPT 1) Large set of attributes that are linked together -personal dispositions -physical characteristics -preferences (likes/dislikes) and values -*all the beliefs we have about the self 2) Many different selves (roles) -serves as a buffer when one self is threatened 3) Some attributes associated with one self 4) Some attributes more basic and enduring across situations/roles -basic personality attributes 5) Potential selves (ought self and ideal self) -see textbook notes for discrepancies between these selves PART TWO: THE ORIGINS OF THE SELF CONCEPT -Social Comparison processes (180) -Feedback from others (182) -Social Contexts (182) -Cultural values (182-4) -*Our Behaviour: We are what we do* >SELF PERCEPTION THEORY (Bem) a) Basic Idea: when internal cues are weak or ambiguous, we come to now who we are by observing our behaviour and the circumstances in which the behaviour occurs. -behaviour does not always affect perception of self -use our behaviour to define who we are only when we‟re not sure who we are b) The effects of rewards on self-perceptions 1) A folktale. 2) The Overjustification Effect: When people are given external rewards for engaging in intrinsically interesting activities, their intrinsic self will be undermined 3) An exception to the overjustification effect: -Doesn‟t occur when rewards are viewed as a sign of competence (eg. when rewards indicate superior performance, a job well-done) PART THREE: BECOMING AWARE OF THE SELF *Self-Awareness Theory* a) Factors that increase self-awareness: -mirrors, audiences, cameras, watching/hearing self on videotape, walking into room full of strangers, being in brightly lit room. b) Self-awareness leads to self-evaluation: 1. Become aware of internal self standards (the ideal self) 2. Compare current behaviour to standards; -if meeting ideal standards, we feel good -if not, we feel uncomfortable >motivated to reduce uncomfortable state c) How? -either shape up or ship out 1. Shaping up: reduce discrepancy between actual-ideal self (try to meet the ideal stan
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