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Cognitive Development.docx

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Psychology 1000

C OGNITIVE D EVELOPMENT Reading p.459- 466 - How do young children think? Piaget : they think differently than adults : qualitative - How do these cognitive processes change over time? Piaget : No - Does everyone support Piaget? Which of the following statements about newborns is false? Newborns cannot discriminate odours What influences Development Nature vs. Nurture Stage vs. Continuous Normative vs. Individual Cross-sectional vs . Longitudinal Milestones ? Jean Piaget and Cognitive Development - Sensory- Motor Intelligence (0-2 years) - Preoperational (2-7 years) - Period of Concrete Operations (7-11 years) - Period of Formal Operations (11 years + ) Sensory – Motor Stage  Nothing exists apart from child’s own perceptions and motor reactions  No self-concept  Pseudoimitation  Look at organization of sensory and motor reactions  (Piaget  Schema) At birth … variety of reflexes  At first, schemas operate in isolation  Coordination of activities not present until 5 months (both hands… 7 months )  Pseudomimitation present  Child can imitate, but only if actions just produced  Importance of sensory (visual) feedback e.g stick out tongue  Rough acquisition by 11-12 months 18-24 months - Efficient imitation - Representational thought o External world exists o Represented by some symbol - Object permanence : what representational thought is  objects retain their permanence even after they are taken away  the crow and food or peek-a-boo Preoperational Stage - Conceptual system of higher-order schemas - Rules not fully acquired until age 7 - Inability to think in abstract rules e.g a 4-year old fails on conservation task : a classic task designed by Piaget to prove that kids fail at this - Ex: Conservation of Volume : Two identical jugs of blueberry juice : are they equal : Yes o Square jug vs. Tall curved gla
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