Psychology 1000 What is Psychology September 11 & 13, 2012
Next Time: History & Methods
Scan: Finish Chapter 1
What are the different approaches to psychology?
What do psychologists do?
Who were the Pioneers of psychology?
Explanations of Behaviour:
E.g. Neural, hormonal
Brain wiring, neurochemicals to try to understand what’s happening in the brain.
E.g. aggression -> is it because of a certain brain abnormality?
Individual & Psychological Factors
E.g. learning, cognitive processes, how people think
Learning -> violence in the home helps to predict aggression
Grown up in a violent household, learned about it, processes things in a violent manner,
Frustration causes aggression, but not everyone is frustrated by the same things -> big
Cultural and Environmental Factors
E.g. value systems
The given cultural system might neglect aggression, while others might support aggression
Physical environment might cause aggression -> for example, the hotter it is, the more
aggressive people may be because people are more frustrated
All of the above work together to influence a person’s behaviour.
No level is better than any other level, just a different way to explain things
Psychology: the scientific study of behaviour and the mind