Race, Ethnicity, and Aboriginality

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Published on 2 Mar 2012
Department
Professor
Lecture 16 Feb 27, 2012
Race, Ethnicity, and Aboriginality
P. 250 concepts
Pluralism racial and ethnic groups maintain and celebrate their distinct uniqueness and
have equal access to programs
Multiculturalism mosaic of variety of people that have immigrated to CA
o Melting pot US encourages a more uni-approach
o Estimate for 2031: ~63% of CA will become visible minority community
o 1971: multiculturalism policy implemented
o 60s: stormy relationship between English and French population
o 1969: Official Languages Act
Cultural assimilation immigrants have made many sacrifices during the Great Depression
and felt that they deserved the same rights
o Royal Commission recommended that government adopt multi-pluralism
o Trudeau did not support idea of Quebec’s desire to separate
1971: multiculturalism became official policy
Government currently (since the 70s) is trying to implement an inclusive citizenship
o Policy indicates that all citizens in CA are equal under the law and keep their
citizenship while able to take pride in their ancestry
P. 256 ethnic groups may be identify may origin place of origins, shared cultural heritages
or nationality
2006 Census, immigration determined that there are 200+ ethnic origins in CA
o Many list more than 1 ethnic origins
o Most frequently reported: Canadian, Canadian with some other origins, English,
French, Scottish, Irish, German, Italian, Chinese, and a few others
1/3 of population reported Canadian as being their ethnic origin
o Determined number of generations
Most are 3rd generations ~60%
~15% are Chinese
10% are East-Indian
Followed by Filipinos and Vietnamese
P. 260 immigration: 3 categories:
o Economic immigrants
o Family-status immigrants
o Refugees
P. 11 of 2006 Census
o Visible minorities made up 16% of population
o Visible minorities grew 5x faster experiencing rapid increase in immigrations
o South Asian backgrounds as surpass Chinese as largest visible minority
o Visible minorities are typically younger on average than the rest of the population
1 in 5 were foreign born
o At 25% CA had a higher foreign born than the US that had 12%
Australia had 22%
o Recent immigrants from Middle East and Asia was almost 60%
o Majority’s (70%) mother tongue was something other than French or English
Most reported was Chinese
CA offers refugee programs
o Those that face persecution if they are threatened with death if they return to their
home country
o A board makes decisions based on findings presented
o Conventional refugee well-rounded fear of persecution; someone that has political
opinion, membership in a particular group, etc
o Resettled refugees fear of torture, cruel and unusual punishment
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Document Summary

Pluralism racial and ethnic groups maintain and celebrate their distinct uniqueness and have equal access to programs. Cultural assimilation immigrants have made many sacrifices during the great depression and felt that they deserved the same rights: royal commission recommended that government adopt multi-pluralism, trudeau did not support idea of quebec"s desire to separate. Government currently (since the 70s) is trying to implement an inclusive citizenship: policy indicates that all citizens in ca are equal under the law and keep their citizenship while able to take pride in their ancestry. P. 256 ethnic groups may be identify may origin place of origins, shared cultural heritages or nationality. 2006 census, immigration determined that there are 200+ ethnic origins in ca: many list more than 1 ethnic origins, most frequently reported: canadian, canadian with some other origins, english, French, scottish, irish, german, italian, chinese, and a few others. 1/3 of population reported canadian as being their ethnic origin: determined number of generations.

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