Class Notes (839,387)
Canada (511,321)
Sociology (3,307)

Day 4 Term 2

4 Pages

Course Code
Sociology 2240E
Brendan Murphy

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Day 4 Of a lot Antonio Gramsci - Journalist of socialist newspapers - Central member of the communist party - He got arrested and jacked up by Mussolini o “We have to prevent that this mind continue thinking”  Mussolini - All that we know about his political theories are from his prison notebooks Why didn’t the Marxist revolution happen? - Gramsci said because of hegemony o Check your notes for this Two types of Intellectuals - Traditional o What we have come to know as a brain o They believe to be independent of the dominant social group - Organic o Those who develop from within their own class Gramsci’s Hope - The proles can generate organic intellectuals o But he wanted the intellect to stay in interest of the class - Gramsci thinks that traditional intellectual is a part of the working class - Everyone is an intellectual o To say someone is not an intellectual you’re not referring to their intelligence it’s more how they function within society A reminder on Marx - Base: forces and relations of production o Division of labour and all of the stuff within those relations - Super structure: all of the things on top of base (education, government, rituals, culture, etc.) - For Marx: relationship is one-way; base determines superstructure Gramsci on base and superstructure - Two major super structural levels o Political society: the state, government juridical institutions  Direct Domination  Judges, laws, governments, things like that  Function for the dominating class  Governance of the state • Replicates itself through laws that keep things the same o Civil society: Education, religion, culture, etc  Hegemony • Spontaneous consent of the population to this general direction of social life • People just going along with things without giving it a whole lot of thought o 1984!!!! • Consent by participation • In the interests of the dominant class Are the underlying interests of an action what’s important or is the action all that matters? Also is 1984 a direct attack on Marx? Horkheimer, Traditional and Critical Theory (published 1937): - ‘traditional’ theory: positivists, scientific, observational - ‘critical’ theory: meant to “explain what is wrong with current social reality, identify actors to change it, and provide clear norms for criticism and practical goals for the future.” o Still descriptive, but it’s more subjective, no
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.