Visual Arts History 1040 Lecture Notes - Vulci, Riace, Achilles Painter

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ANCIENT GREECE
ARCHAIC STATUARY
- New York Kouros (nude male), ca. 600 BCE
- Canon of proportions, foot setting forward, removed from original block (marble)
- Often markers of something, sometimes offerings
- Not completely naturalistic
- Calf bearer, dedicated by Rhonbos on the Acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca. 560 BCE
- a bearded man bringing a calf to sacrifice in thanksgiving to Athena is one of the
first to employ the so-called Archaic smile, the Archaic Greek sculptor‟s way of
indicating a person is alive
- Kroisos, from Anavysos, Greece, Ca. 530 BCE
- More muscular, more natural (face: „archaic smile)
- More relaxed, proportions more accurate
- Sense of motion
- Peplos Kore, from the Acropolis, Greece Ca. 530 BCE
- Clothed (female; nudity tied more to slaves)
- Not v realistic proportions
- Kore, from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca. 520510 BCE
- intricate asymmetrical patterns created by the cascading folds of garments
- Dying warrior, from the west pediment of the Temple of Aphaia, Aegina, Greece, ca.
490 BCE
- still has a rigidly frontal torso and an Archaic smile
- Dying warrior, from the east pediment of the Temple of Aphaia, Aegina, Greece, ca.
480 BCE
- already belongs to the Classical era
- posture more natural, exhibits a new self-consciousness
- Concerned with his own pain, he does not face the viewer
EARLY AND HIGH CLASSICAL STATUARY
- Kritios Boy, from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Ca. 480 BCE
- More natural movement, close to contrapposto („counter-posed‟), natural standing
- Hipline changing relating to leg being relaxed
- Starting to pay attention to human nude body, how it moves
- Related to progressions in Gr empire, interest in human existence
- Warrior, from the sea off Riace, Italy, ca. 460450 BCE
- bronze
- inlaid eyes, silver teeth and eyelashes, and copper lips and nipples
- natural movement, contrapposto more pronounced than in ^
- still ideal human athletic warrior form
- Charioteer, from a group dedicated by Polyzalos of Gela in the sanctuary of Apollo,
Delphi, Greece, ca. 475 BCE
- almost all that remains of a large bronze group that also included a chariot, a team
of horses, and a groom, requiring hundreds of individually cast pieces soldered
together
- Zeus (or Poseidon?), from the sea off Cape Artemision, Greece, ca. 460450 BCE
- Zeus hurling a thunderbolt
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- both arms are boldly extended and the right heel is raised off the ground,
underscoring the lightness and stability of hollow-cast bronze statues
- Myron, Diskobolos (Discus Thrower), Roman marble copy of a bronze original of ca.
450 BCE
- Myron‟s lost bronze statue captures how the sculptor froze the action of discus
throwing and arranged the nude athlete‟s body and limbs so that they formed two
intersecting arcs
- Polykleitos, Doryphoros (spear bearer), Roman copy from Pompeii, Original ca. 450-
440 BCE
- True contrapposto stance, naturalistic, head turned, „ideal human body‟
- Polyk developed sequence of canon of prop for himself
- Kresilas, Pericles, Roman marble herm copy of a bronze original of ca. 429 BCE
- Idealized, godlike
- Noble
- Phidias, Athena Parthenos, in the cella of the Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca.
438 BCE
- 38-foot-tall gold-andivory statue of Athena Parthenos (the Virgin), fully armed
and holding Nike (Victory) in her extended right hand
LATE CLASSICAL STATUARY
- Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos, Roman copy, Original ca. 350-340 BCE
- Curvy, one of first repr of deity, more humanlike
- nude (created scandal, commissioner rejected, other pace took it)
- s-curve (sense of beauty and naturalism)
- Praxiteles, Hermes and Dionysos, Copy by son? Original ca. 340-270 BCE
- Nude gods, myth scene, v natural, most larger than life size
- Grave stele of a young hunter, found near the Ilissos River, Athens, Greece, ca. 340
330 BCE
- The emotional intensity of this stele representing an old man mourning the loss of
his son and the figures‟ large, deeply set eyes with fleshy overhanging brows
reflect the style of Skopas of Paros
- Lysippos, Apoxyomenos (Scraper), Roman Copy, Originalca. 330 BCE
- Slender athlete
- Lysippos, Weary Herakles, Roman Copy, Original ca. 320 BCE
- V muscular, tired, thinking, worn out (after fulfilled all trials, held world on
shoulder, Atlas took apples, holding apples behind back, dat ass,
- 3D, mass, volume, shape
- Lysippos, Head of Alexander the Great, from Pella, Greece, third century BCE
- official portrait sculptor of Alexander the Great
- sharp turn of the head and thick mane of hair
HELLENISTIC STATUARY
- Epigonos (?), Gallic chieftain killing himself and his wife , & Dying Gaul, Roman
copies, Originals ca. 230-220 BCE
- Gr fallen apart, Persians sacked them, vulnerable
- Human suffering coming through in art
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