Class Notes (834,986)
Canada (508,846)
Sociology (760)
SY321 (29)
Lecture

chapter 27.docx

5 Pages
103 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SY321
Professor
Darren Mulloy
Semester
Fall

Description
Ethnicity: -usually a cultural phenomenon -can have race socially defined as a part of it -ethnic groups are made up of people who has perceived cultural markers that are significant ex. Dress and religion -the cultural aspectlanguage, religion, customs, values -physical distinctions don’t cause difference in behaviour -ethnic groups can experience prejudice and discrimination -ethnic origins in Canada: -people who use multiple responses -about 20 million Canadians use multiple responses -ex. If do a survey and say who are you, not many people put just Canadian -if write a multiple response, would list diff backgrounds -this shows that identity is important -many Canadians identify themselves as multiple ethnic origins Ethnic traits: -religion, language, clothing, holidays -sense of community, ethic people are aware that they belong to a certain group and other people in society are also aware of that -feelings of ethnocentrismit is widespread and boils down to a culture (or subculture) that i belong to is the best one -and we have the most favoured set of attributes compared to other subcultures -my people are harder, more moral, better in all kind of ways than the outsider -tend to get ethnocentrism within ethnic identification Membershipcomes from birth -don’t choose to be born w/n a certain ethnic group -not something that you achieve but it is ascribed -sometimes ethnicity is associated w/ territory -ex. Quebec: home of the French Canadians -you can also have residential segregation -you find this across North America -certain areas of the city are monopolized by certain ethnic groups -ex. Greek along the Danforth (therefore it is a Greek area) -this can be voluntary or involuntary -in an apartheid society, certain groups must by law live in certain areas and places -cannot live in other areas b/c another group lives in that area -in Canada, the residential segregation is more voluntary -people choose to live in a area where there are people of their ethnic group -this is most seen when people first immigrate to Canada -people feel more comfortable living among people who speak the same language, eat the same food -usually what takes place is that their offspring moves out of the center and moves to the suburbs which are more multi-racial -they don’t find it as intimidating as their parents did -another thing that can be done is to network w/n your community for either business opportunities or ethnic sociability -great deal of business gets done by ethnic enclaves? -usually dentists, lawyers, accountants from that ethnic group will set up shop w/n that community -thus they have an ethnic foundation for their business Ethic traits lead to institutional completeness: when a community is self-sufficient -they’ve got restaurants, theatres, schools, clothing stores, grocery stores, doctors, lawyers etc -mean you can get all the services that you want in your community -the more institutional complete your community, the less people need to go outside of their society -Canadian sociologists are the best in the world when dealing w/ race and ethnicity b/c we’ve got the best areas to study b/c Toronto is the most multi-ethnic city in the world -so this is when a particular community possesses all the services it needs for that particular group Social significance of race and ethnicity: -when ask Canadians “what do you think of race and ethnicity”, most are uncomfortable w/ the terms -one of the mainstream interpretations, in a pluralistic, open, upwardly mobile society, individualistic type society, meritocratica society that rewards people based on merit -so Canada sees itself as a meritocracy and whn you mention race and ethnicity, what those terms tend to do is diminish the possibility of upward mobility -they bring out images that a person’s destiny is determined by birth and is beyond personal control -historically in a Canada, ethnicity has been the basis of hierarchical ranking relative to resources, wealth -the first to point this out was John Porter who wrote the Vertical Mosaic -talks about the hierarchical ranking of ethnic groups in Canada based on income -argued that prior to 1968, there was an entrance group status -meant that by and large, ethnic groups that entered the country were slotted into the bottom of the income hierarchy -and the groups that were affected by that were Eastern Europeans for the most part -this also happened to Japanese and Chinese -beginning in the 1880s, the west was largely empty and the American poured into Alberta -they began to talk about succeeding to the united states -the federal government of Ottawa didn’t like this so they built the CPR -in combination w/ the CPR, it opened up the immigration gate to eastern Europeans who were peasants from Poland and the Ukraine -when they came, the train didn’t stop until it got to Western Canada so thay they would settle into the land -so when Porter looks at income, he finds a close relationship b/w eastern europenas and a lower SES -so what we’rew looking at is ethnic stratification -this all changed in 1968 when a points system was introduce -t was that anyone could immigrate to Canada as long as they had th required umber of points -so this encouraged immigration form higher SES groups -points were education, work experience,
More Less

Related notes for SY321

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit