Criminology Lecture #5
exam date- December 14 7pm-9pm
Checklist a measure of evil movie
what is being measured in the checklist?
what are the implications and limitations of the checklist?
- people are locked up because of what they might do- not because of what they have done
Characteristics of a psychopath
bigger than everyone
hard to pick out -until they talk about power and control
lack of remorse, empathy
tell a story that is brutal, without any remorse
moves around a lot
1% of the population are psychopaths, Hare
20% in prison are psychopaths
6,500 psychopaths in prison, doesn’t compare to the 300,000 Hare predicts,
psychopaths can be found anywhere
assessment a number of characteristics that differ them from normal people
personal interviews, court assessments, done by a professional physiologist
used in prisons and checklists
checklist- originally developed as a research tool
single best predictor of future offenders, that has been developed yet
parole boards need to have that kind of information available to them. Checklist is used for prison
terms, parole boards, release ect.
prison inmates can participate in many programs- group therapy, addiction counselling
performance in programs can predict future, within prison or after release.
Factor 1 personality – remorse ect.
Factor 2 case history- arrests people who grow up in privilege are less likely to commit crimes.
DSPD- dangerous and severe personality disorder
- the checklist is measuring who and what a psychopath is, their crime history and their personality.
- not just violent crime, but crime generally, makes a higher score on checklist
- lower income backgrounds have more chance of committing crimes, and more chance of being caught
and picked up by police
- a history of violence and personality tendencies that are closely related with being violent
- people who commit violent acts suffer from personality disorder
evidence is the commission of violent acts – circular argument
- saying that we are doing one thing, actually doing something different-alteration of checklist
- best predictor of violence-picking up on history of violence
validity of checklist
- be sceptical of what it is claiming to do and what it is actually doing.
last week continued biological theories
case study:” the psychopath”
1. Historical context
2. Robert hare and the psychopathy checklist
3. Biological orgins: the amydala and Broca’s Area
a) validity- the question of what is being measured, it would be true if it was measuring indiv. Who
actually had psychopathy. But it is not picking up on more than ones history and personality traits.
People who are violent lack empathy- falsely seen as a psychopath.
b) Beadth and reliability of diagnostic categories
c) correlations as causes
d) policy implications – checklist supposed to be used as a research tool, now used as a assessment tool
false positives- refers to cases where ind. Are classified as phycopaths, but are actually not. They have
their future based on a measure that is not actually true.
psychopath - social construction- used to describe individuals with a violent history rather than a natural