Class Notes (835,092)
Canada (508,918)
York University (35,180)
English (906)
EN 1006 (47)

Medieval Rhetoric and the Principles of Writing

5 Pages
Unlock Document

EN 1006
Rosita Georgieva

Lecture 7 Notes: Medieval Rhetoric and the Principles of Letter Writing 1. The end of the Classical Period --Classical Period stretches through the first sophistic teachers (Corax and Tisias) and Greek rhetoricians (5-4 c BC) to Roman orators and stylists like Cicero and Quintilian ( 1 c BC) up to the Fall of Roman Empire (410 AD)  Roman Empire, Literacy and Education Literature – the circulation of literary works increased; The Roman world became gradually very dependent on writing; the most popular rhetorical technique taught in the Roman classroom was that of declamation --Roman schools –system of public education supported through local taxation and government patronage; learned slaves served as readers and secretaries. 3 successive stages of public education: 1) Grammatistes – the age of 7 -- the alphabet, the pronunciation of words and sentences; poetry memorization and declamation; training of the memory and dictations 2) Grammaticus – at the age of 11 or 12 -- read and write; study of literature and language; the basics of composition; interpretations of poets, reading historians 3) Rhetoricus – the age of 15, only males --basic rhetorical techniques on prose writing argumentation, declamation, stylistic amplification, ornamentation  Augustan Golden Age – architecture, poetry, and the arts st --In 1 BC -- reconstruction of Rome under Augustus --Religion for the Roman people, John Ferguson: “a matter not of belief but of cult, not of creed but of ritual action”; rituals: sacrifice, purification, vows; divination and oracles --two different attitudes towards sex: puritanical and repressive permissive and seeking all kind of gratifications  Contribution of Cicero and Quintillian Cicero – the Latinization of Greek rhetoric, esteemed orator and teacher of rhetoric, Quintillian (a later rhetorician, born in 35 AD in Spain, lived in Rome; became the supreme authority on rhetoric, died in 96 AD) --their contribution – the extension of the scope of rhetoric; believed that a good orator must have a wide range of knowledge and good morals  Literature of the Roman world Virgil -- a popular epic poet, the “Aeneid Horace– the first Roman to write Latin lyrics in the Greek hexameter;”Ars Poetica” Ovid – satire, poetry, “Metamorphoses”  The Fall of Roman Empire – 410 AD. 2. Medieval Period (c. 600 – 1500) -Medieval History The fall of Rome, Christianization, centralization of knowledge in church, disappearance of much of classical culture from Latin west. Medieval Education – Medieval education – evolved from classical. 7 liberal arts: trivium (grammar, logic, rhetoric); a four-year undergraduate course of studies leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts; Rhetoric in the trivium was concerned greatly with the art of letter writing (arts dictaminis) and preparing and delivering sermons (artes praedicandi) quadrivium (arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, music); a three-year graduate course leading to the Master of Arts – Invention of University. Advanced studies: law, medicine, theology. Medieval Literacy --Literacy in medieval Latin -- centered on Roman Catholic Church –Conventionalized church Latin became international language --Church used Latin for liturgy and administration and became the largest employer of literacy professionals --Church handled marriage, baptism and education of children in church-affiliated schools Medieval Rhetoric Rhetoric divided into 3 arts useful to church: - Ars Poetriae (art of poetry, like ancient grammar, preliminary studies)
More Less

Related notes for EN 1006

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.