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November 13, 2013 - Lecture #9.docx

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HIST 2710
Bernard Luk

November 13, 2013 – Lecture #9 Mandate of heaven - Who governs us? - saint or sinner - Ideas in Confucianism? → special person → virtuous Ideas in democracy? - ordinary person with mandate of voters - government by one of us - power corrupts; absolute power corrupts absolutely – john action - check and balances; rule of law  Ideas in legalism?  Daoism?  Ying-yang  Ideas in “imperial Confucianism?” - Confucian scholar-officials to remind ruler to be virtuous Early Japan: Japanese Reception of East Asian Civilization Cf. “Central Plains” chronology: (Sino-centric – belief that civilization started in Northern China, wrong) example: Bronze Age in Vietnam came before China - Neolithic: ca. 7000-18000 BCE - Bronze Age: ca. 1800-500 BCE - Iran Age: ca. 500 BCE Japanese Islands Archaeological Periods - 20 000 BCE – 10 000 BCE Palaeolithic → Old Stone Ave vs. New Stone Age ▫ people/ ape deliberately strike them against one another to produce sharp age to serve a purpose (making a knife) ▫ more is done to the stone, more advanced, in the new stone age - we don’t know where these people came from - 10 000 BCE – 300 BCE, new stone age → producing fine pottery → Jomon (rope pattern pottery) ▫ the pottery would be seen with impressions of parallel lines of ropes ▫ mesolithic, Neolithic → forage – plating millet, rice, trade → ancestors of Ainu people ▫ ethnic minority in Japan ▫ used to live all over the Japanese island ▫ 1000 years ago, occupied northern half ▫ Japanese rulers pushed these people towards to north ▫ mass killings/ forced marriages - 300 BCE – 300 CE Yayoi (Asian mainland immigrants?) → in the 1950s, subway was being built and workers reported finding artefacts that were different from the Jomon → main site of the Yayoi culture found further west in northern Kyushu → scholars noted this as a transition from the Jomon to the Yayoi → began questioning the ethnic backgrounds of the two periods → Anything to do with immigrants from continental Asia? ▫ bronze was used, clearly made in Korea ▫ going as far from Siberia (things nomads made) → rice farmers → worked with bronze and iron, which was introduced by Chinese and Korean immigrants → Wa state / Yamatai Koku ▫ ruled be a queen who never showed her face ▫ only her brother who saw and communicated between her and everyone else - 300 CE – ca 600 CE – Kofun (mounded tombs) → horse riders from Mainland → these tombs held artefacts that were the same from China → when masters died, their favourite horses would be sacrificed and buried
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