PHIL 1100 Lecture Notes - John Stuart Mill

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
School
York University
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1100
Professor
Page:
of 2
John Kekes
· Our natural to struggle à Darwin
· There is an instinct that we all have
· Many of us living today in privileged societies, we don’t have the
same struggle that our ancestors faced on a daily basis
· We have comfortable lives the primitive struggle for us is over
· The threat we face is: income, prestige, self-esteem, social and
psychological problems
· The competition, and success, this is the struggle we face the
superficial view
· The treadmill of success
· Kekes: we have the luxury to sit back and ponder the meaning of life,
and reflect whereas our ancestors did not have this
· Is success in our society really important? many who successful
have an existential breakdown
· Children are indoctrinated, adolescents are guided, adults are pressed
into the mould
· Life has no meaning: just because we ask for the meaning of
something, that doesn’t mean that there is a meaning
· Naïve realism- the world is colorless, using science to find out
· Critique: Despair or Cynicism they poison the enjoyment our life
· Evasion- avoiding the question of meaning of life verses Eluding
thinking life is meaningless, living your life
· He discusses John Stuart Mill utilitarianism creating more
pleasure and happiness
· Mills case shows that it is a mistake to suppose that there some lives
are inherent in finding a meaning of life
· Science works in the natural order of universe, religion goes beyond
the scope of the natural order of universe
· Religion can try to answer scientific evidence: Big Bang, natural laws
of religion
· Religious answer: common denominator, meaning comes from living
according to the cosmic order
· The religious and moral approach are rejected
· If there is a cosmic order, we cannot know anything about it
· The only conclusion we can make about nature: good, bad, indifferent
elements of nature there is a mixture
· Morality is not just about rules it’s about the value system
· People can find the meaning of life in the moral approach to life
subjective view which looks at morality as totally subjective; it is to look
inside yourself
· The objective view the subjective view is necessary but not
sufficient, and therefore there is a mixture
· Rejection of subjective à doesn’t matter where you values came from
because we are manipulated, intuition is not good enough to tell you what’s
right from wrong

Document Summary

There is an instinct that we all have. Many of us living today in privileged societies, we don"t have the same struggle that our ancestors faced on a daily basis. We have comfortable lives the primitive struggle for us is over. The threat we face is: income, prestige, self-esteem, social and psychological problems. The competition, and success, this is the struggle we face the superficial view. Kekes: we have the luxury to sit back and ponder the meaning of life, and reflect whereas our ancestors did not have this. Many who successful have an existential breakdown. Children are indoctrinated, adolescents are guided, adults are pressed into the mould. Life has no meaning: just because we ask for the meaning of something, that doesn"t mean that there is a meaning. Na ve realism- the world is colorless, using science to find out. Critique: despair or cynicism they poison the enjoyment our life.