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Feminist Ethics, Epistemology & Emotion, Jagger, Campbell, Gilligan.docx

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PHIL 2500
Linda Carozza

Monday, March 11, 2013 Feminist Epistemology & Emotion and Feminist Ethics Theorists- -Jagger -Campbell -Gilligan Jagger Outlaw emotions: -people who experience conventionally unacceptable emotions often are subordinated.- may doubt their own sanity. Neglected, misrepresented, ignored, not valued emotions- they are frowned upon or judged in a negative way. -They are unconventional emotional responses- not that their uncommon, but that they don’t conform to the dominant ideology. example-person who responds to a racist joke instead of humor. -They are important for a few reasons: 1.The outline new ways of investigating/developing knowledge. 2. Develop more perspectives. Open up the discourse to include emotions. 3. We challenge the types of emotions that are acceptable. Campbell -“I am interested in a particularly duplicitous kind of dismissal that does not dismiss women for having emotions, but characterizes our emotional lives as unhealthy, attempting to limit our ways of acting in the world, and consequently, our effects on the world” -Deceptive type of dismissal. -She looks at how people are situated and the emotions they entail -She connects inferior or subjugated people and their emotions being dismissed. -It’s not that emotions are being challenged-its that particular emotions are considered unhealthy because they don’t prop up the dominant ideology. Sentimentality and Emotionality Kantian woman: Feminist Epistemology & Emotion• “Kant described the women of his time as creatures of ‘many sympathetic sensations, goodheartedness and compassion,’ as well as ‘very delicate feelings in regard to the least offence’ . . . . to have an emotional life as a woman . . . is always edging the excessive sensitivity that is a ground for dismissability” -sentimentality-demonstrating actions that are associated with compassion and loving (associated with the feminine.) -emotionality- expressing those emotions- feminine-knee jerk emotional reactions, impulsive- someone who cannot control their emotions- women are associated- have an unhealthy emotional life. -women from the outset are considered to lack the full range of rationality. -emotions as social constructions- Emotions as social constructions Example of how emotion are constructed- bitterness- -The collaboration of certain mode of expression (recounting of injury) with a certain mode of response (failure to listen) forms bitterness -publicly formed emotion- because you can’t feel bitterness alone- it has to do with how one is received. If theirs no uptake, it just gets viewed as bitterness. Involves more than just the “feeler”-it’s public. -It’s a useful strategy to ignore. Useful way to dismiss peoples anger. -Uptake- “Uptake”- when there is none, this is a form of emotional dismissal; disempowering -example of the woman going to the mechanic- she’s angry at what he’s messing up. He refuse to uptake her anger, dismissing and displacing her emotions. Calls her crazy bitch and changes the subject. Could be legitimate anger. Doesn’t acknowledging what she’s feeling. -bitterness is defined as a refusal to forgive- delegitimizes their response. It is a failure way to demonstrate that anger- it’s a cycle. People don’t do consciously when we dismiss people. Instead of focusing on the event, we focus on the emoter- we dismiss whatever it is their feeling instead of focusing on the issue Ultimately shifts any possibility of those who are in power to do something about the events or actions. -The uptake is different when a man or those in power. They don’t get dismissed. Doesn’t turn to bitterness. Their anger gets dealt with by the public. -The burden of proof-Frye- it’s minority view, the burden is on the minority who is expressing emotion/knowledge. on without uptake the burden of proof is continues to fail- -lack of responsibility of thos
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