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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 - Birth of Democracy in Athens

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York University
Political Science
POLS 1000
Martin Breaugh

Lecture 4Birth of Democracy in AthensRecallDemocracy emerge will take a particular formpolis size and nature is a result of choiceRenan a nation is a plebiscite every dayo Polis is a way of life based on a quest for excellence more than a regime o Excellence based on equilibrium and balance between individual and communityDemocratic life means decision that shape the community must come from all the governed all of usSome decisions we make have political consequences and implications Two social forces merchants and peasantsMerchants greatly favoured by the introduction of coinage and new tools o Rapidly becomes very wealthy rival aristocrats o Political power unmatched by economic power o Exacerbated by new way of waging warmerchants at forefront o Warrior citizenswar was important o Aristocrat led the battles to protect the polisnow merchants organized in hoplitePay for your own armour defend Athens freedom abroadCannot enjoy freedom at home unacceptablePeasants small farmers o Some peasants live in freedom others
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