Behavioral approach: looks at overt behavior (observable) and determines the antecedents
Learning: a relatively durable change in behavior that occurs as a result of practice.
3 types of learning
1. classical conditioning
- The most basic type of learning
- Discovered by Pavlov
1- unconditional response (UR): - a response that is reflexive or automatic and not under
our voluntary control.
2- unconditioned stimulus (US): - a stimulus that precedes and elicits (triggers) an
3- conditioned stimulus (CS): - any stimulus that is paired with the unconditional stimulus
and that eventually elicits a response that is identical to the unconditioned response.
4- conditioned response (CR): - the response elicited by the unconditioned stimulus and is
identical to the unconditioned response.
Higher-order conditioning: - is when a well established CS, starts acting as though it were
an US and is able to bring the CR under the control of CS2.
Stimulus generalization: - is when a CR occurs in response to other stimuli that are similar
to the original CS used in training. The greater the similarity, the more likely that
generalization will occur.
Stimulus discrimination: - is when a CR is elicited only in response to a CS that was paired
with the US during training. Other similar stimuli will not elicit