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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

06/26/2012 CHAPTER 6 Behavioral approach: looks at overt behavior (observable) and determines the antecedents and consequences. Learning: a relatively durable change in behavior that occurs as a result of practice. 3 types of learning 1. classical conditioning - The most basic type of learning - Discovered by Pavlov 1- unconditional response (UR): - a response that is reflexive or automatic and not under our voluntary control. 2- unconditioned stimulus (US): - a stimulus that precedes and elicits (triggers) an unconditional response. 3- conditioned stimulus (CS): - any stimulus that is paired with the unconditional stimulus and that eventually elicits a response that is identical to the unconditioned response. 4- conditioned response (CR): - the response elicited by the unconditioned stimulus and is identical to the unconditioned response. Phobias Higher-order conditioning: - is when a well established CS, starts acting as though it were an US and is able to bring the CR under the control of CS2. Stimulus generalization: - is when a CR occurs in response to other stimuli that are similar to the original CS used in training. The greater the similarity, the more likely that generalization will occur. Stimulus discrimination: - is when a CR is elicited only in response to a CS that was paired with the US during training. Other similar stimuli will not elicit
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