Class Notes (839,150)
Canada (511,218)
York University (35,583)
Psychology (4,109)
PSYC 2510 (86)

Motivation and Emotion

4 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 2510
Agnieszka Kopinska

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
MOTIVATION AND EMOTION MOTIVATION  Motivation – the drive or reason for goal-directed behaviour  Required for any change to occur  We all share the same biological motives but our social motives differ from person to person  motivational interviewing  therapeutic technique used to increase clients own motivation to change  motivation to change is crucial to benefit from treatment  pioneered in substance use treatment  useful with offending populations  Drive theories (Clark Hull)  Behaviour is motivated by a drive to return to homeostasis (stability)  A change in homeostasis is the drive behind behaviour  E.g. if you’re cold, you’ll try to warm yourself up to achieve homeostatic bodily temperature  Focus on internal states  Cannot explain all human motivation  Incentive theories  external reward increases motivation  e.g. money, food, prestige  minimized biological stuff  expectancy-value models  expectancy – likelihood that you will obtain the incentive  value – the desirability of the incentive  Evolutionary theories  we do things that increase the chance that our genes will be passed on  desirable behaviours are adaptive HUNGER AND EATING  biological factors  brain regulation (hypothalamus)  lateral hypothalamus – appetite (when stimulated, you feel hunger)  ventromedial nucleus – over eating (when stimulated, you feel full)  paraventricular nucleus  neural pathways and neurotransmitters (ghrelin)  glucose and digestive regulation – not having enough glucose will make you feel hungry  hormonal regulation (insulin, leptin)  environmental factors  food availability and related cues  habits  the stress-eating connection  physiological arousal linked to stress may trigger wanting to eat fattier foods  more resources to cope with increased workload  more likely has to do with how food is comforting  obesity and body weight  genes  genetic predisposition for obesity  usually coupled with unhealthy lifestyle  lifestyle  settling point – body weight will be maintained at a set point as long as factors influencing weight are stable  restricted eating  dieting  eating disorders  bulimia nervosa  anorexia nervosa SEXUAL MOTIVATIONN  regulated by hormones  estrogens  androgens  hormones contribute but don’t regulate all aspects of sexual behaviour  evolutionary basis of sex  gender differences  females are more invested in mate selection  only one egg a month, nine months of pregnancy  more invested in child’s life
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.