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PSYC 3630 (13)
Erin Ross (13)
Lecture 10

Lecture 10 - Divorce stress adjustment perspectives

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3630
Professor
Erin Ross
Semester
Winter

Description
Slide 8 - 37.6% people in Canada divorce by 30 anniversary - We often produce children in the context of marriage - Termination of marriage is determined by disposition of children Slide 9 - Children are minor, they have a say, but do not have a legal standing in the process - We consult children of where they want to live, but they don’t have legal standing - Active divorce cases = start of period still in process, might have came to a resolution, but in active cases, the issues involved in divorce have to do with support - Support = spousal support, child support - Active cases referred as informally, as contested divorce cases o People seek input of court system for unresolved issues - Custody = custody of children of 1 parent/joint parent (both have right to have legal decisions about child), and access to non-residential parent have custody of children o Sole custody = custodial parent has the right to make legal decisions o Shared-custody = both parents having legal right to control child’s events, but have equal time spent with each parent. Equal access to decision and time-spent  Diff from joint o In past, child is rewarded to woman as sole custody because believed children were better off with moms, since they are better parent o Joint/shared custody = preferred choice of custody, unless there are serious reasons o Serious reasons = parental inability/unwillingness to parent effectively - Grandparents rights = push of grandparents to have legal access of children when there’s a divorce - Change in the rate of sole custody arrangement o Strongly biased against male o Now: see both female/male as having sole custody, don’t have the assumption that male cant parent Slide 10 - Percentage of blended families that have different configurations - Blue = most common – mom and her child, and her partner (no offspring of his) - Purple = their children: 2 people at least 1 of whom is divorced, they have at least 1 child in common in their relationship, and they have at least 1 offspring of their own (only his, or only her) - Red = least commonly – dad with his children, and a female partner - Green = his/her – couple brings in one of his and one of her, but didn’t produce one together yet - Remarriage rate is on decline - Post cohabitation rate is inclining - Parents and children will experience change in family status (divorce), but also because of repartnering Slide 11 - How divorce have impact of children are studied in: o Feminist theories, attachment theories, attribution theories, symbolic-interactionist theories o Family system families theories, life-course perspective theories, psychoanalytic theories - Not a single theory account of everything - All theories say: divorce is a stressful life transition. require adaptation on parts of parent/children Divorce stress adjustment perspectives (Paul Amato) - Synthesized existed theories - Looks at divorce not as an event, but as a process - Process begins when a couple is still co-residing, and process ends long after the divorce decree is granted - Stressors increase negative emotional, behavioural, health outcomes to children and adults - Severity and duration of stressful event/outcome vary depending on individuals - The effect of stressors can depend on presence of moderating/protective factors - Moderating/protective factors = engage in health enhancing activity - Start of divorce = couple feels estranged from partner, which proceeded from
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