Class Notes (807,339)
United States (312,494)
History (193)
HIST 1011 (95)
Lecture 6

HIST 1011 Lecture 6: 17 APRIL

4 Pages
Unlock Document

George Washington University
HIST 1011
Agnew Hugh

NEW NOTES 14 17 APRIL 2017 Science Triumphant ● From 19C intO 20C, science appeared to be the dominant way of looking at the world ● New products and methods of communication transformed lives ● Challenges were faced though and many came from science itself and they debated questions of knowledge and skepticism ● Physics and a new reality ○ Albert Einstein​--great deal of influence on nuclear weapons; broke open newtonian physics and gave new answers and the simple observation that time passes faster for someone on a train than someone that is standing still--tremendous for the 20C ■ Broke down arrogant self assurance of the victorian era and superstition ○ Henri Poincare​--french math and philo--objectivity has a scientific quality which called into question the human concerns and frailties when it comes to human concerns bc the observer is not outside the observation; there could be human error in observation ○ Ernest Rutherford​--developed theory of quantum mechanics--piles up more contradictions about what we thought we knew about the world ● Affects culture and art ○ Emilio Marinetti--art w science ○ Kandinsky and Duchamp influenced by work on physics; cubism of picasso was influenced by atomic theory ○ Darwinian thought--let people die bc they are unfit to compete ○ New developments in anthropology--cultural relativism and Franz Boaz; no race is superior to another ■ Margaret Mead--Samoa--became a key interpreter of social development and saw a world that was free of the inhibitions of the modern west; ​Coming of Age in Samoa​--how samoan children grew up and went through the transitional phase to adulthood and impact on education and sexuality ■ Are there interactions occurring rather than just observations? ○ Sigmund Freud--Challenged the traditional thought about motivation and reason--human reason--challenged ability to reason and introduced the concept of unconscious--how people make decisions that aren’t rationally thought out ○ Ellen Key--children’s psychology--children aren’t just small grown ups--different stages of child development and development should be geared to those stages ○ Henri Bergson--we have the power to develop a future different than the one that science predicts; we have the power to contribute and develop a future ○ William James--truth serves a particular purpose and it not an external reality NEW NOTES 15 ■ To discuss truth we have to use words so the relationship between culture and words becomes a barrier to our understanding ○ Linguistics and Meaning--​parole​ (speech addressed to others) and langue ​(only thoughts and only our thought can be what we intended to mean)--language does not refer to remoter realities ○ Ludwig Wittgenstein--language doesn’t refer to anything and we can’t know what it refers to ○ Noam Chomsky--the structures of language are hardwired into us and unchangeable; language prowess is the human’s particular skill ○ Art ceases to play a traditional role in society and begins to be used as propaganda for political gain; it becomes the original expression of the artist, not a political movement like the baroque or rococo where art was shared by the community ○ Public art is no longer religious statuary or in public spaces, becomes commercials and propaganda, etc; rise of mass entertainment ○ The commercial culture of entertainment is made possible by technology--not many people could hear beethoven’s symphonies during his life but people can now to greater global appreciation of the art of avora from the cape verde islands--is that great or is that the exploitation of one culture for commercial purposes? Rejecting West, Accepting East ● By the second half of the century, w science was becoming less esteemed and westerners started to look east and elsewhere for answers; eastern countries had begun to incorporate western science and tech though ● Science and clarity--science don’t change who we are but it makes us capable from doing other things; some people thought science was bad and turned further towards religion--proGMO antiGMO, etc. ● This left us with the idea that we needed to continue to search for ways to hold ourselves together--new ​humanism​--a way to express values for a new morality to be based on LONG 20C--NEW LECTURE Competing “isms” in competition with each other ● Democracy--broadening suffrage, law and order, human rights, protecting
More Less

Related notes for HIST 1011

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.