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AMS 207 (15)
Lecture 9

AMS 207 Lecture 9: AMS 207 Notes 4-14

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American Studies
AMS 207
Busch Andrew

Monopoly Capitalist City, 19001930s Related to capitalist boom after long period of upheaval *187090); geographical concentration of production (steel; autos; stockyards) in central cities with an increased division of labor and concentration on laborers Separation of mental and manual labor Expansion of corporate HQs, suburb, and exodus of some production into satellites to escape labor pressure Widespread growth that ends with Great Depression StateManaged Capitalist Metropolis, 19451970s Associated with Keynesianism: through Keynesian policies of demand stimulation, state directed investments, ad social welfare programs, the state intervene more deeply into the production process than ever before. Larger suburbanization and other decentralization o production, consumption, and capital investment: shopping mall, GI Bill, civil defense incentives to decentralize Fords Willow Run Plant, 1950s Negatives effects on Rustbelt cities Neoliberal Period Writing in 11982 Soja was inky aware if the beginning of the neoliberal period in capitalisturban development, but he hits on lots of main points; transnationalism and outsourcing, opening new markets, labor changes (lower wages, deindustrialization, race to the bottom); rise of info technology; rise of corporations; financialization; elimination of smaller businesses; rise of engineering and other professional work; and greater flexibility in production; service work Soja: neoFordism Some of Sojas ideas International division of labor Deconcentration of production Increase in surplus value extracted from labor Decrease in manufacturing jobs Increase in immigrant labor Fragmentation of production Dispersal within the US to lower cost areas Why the Shift: WWII and Keynesianism WWII pulled people into cities where manufacturing was intensified Dams, defenses, air travel NASA: federal investment Los Angeles Before the Highways. 1953 Cold War encourages decentralization from North and East to South and West. Neoliberalism ; Friendsly Business climate Incentive to Industry: Low corporate and business taxes Low interest loans and subsidies to businesses
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