victors in such disarray. Why was their ideology and system of
government not working? So people started to question democracy and
liberalism. States around the world thought maybe Hitler and Mussolini
had it right. That maybe there is something to fascism. Fascism is
There's usually a militaristic leader, which has a particular narrative
for leading his people.
It works along the principle of corporatism. Communism is known
as an attempt to create a class-less society. Fascism says people are
Prior to this time, there was no word for genocide. Discrimination
against minority groups if not elimination was virtually justifiable.
What many scholars had called this particular period, it's a period of utopia.
These various currents are used anonymously. There was a belief that ending
war was still possible. Through science, communication, free trade, progress,
belief in individuals, and "the harmony of interest", we can eradicate war. What
was the harmony of interest? Various states might be good at producing or
contributing something to the international economy better than others. So
there's a trade.
Why did fascism have such an appeal?
We learned a few things from the great depression
After that set in, people were left to their own devices. That created a cyclical
effect. Unlike places like Germany which instituted "corporatist" policies.
Theory and History of international relations go together.
Previous to the WWI, war was seen as something rational. It was the sport of kings.
Foreign policy was also known as the "sport of kings". And the people who
conducted foreign policy were the elite, and all generally spoke French.
Early IR scholars, especially idealism, believed that war is not rational. If we were a
little more rational we can try to eradicate war.