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Final

Crim Final review notes from review lecture


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 103
Professor
Boyanowski
Study Guide
Final

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Last Crim Lecture – Review
Kohlberg = moral development
Ch. 2
1. Social Risk Factors
a. Social class: socioeconomic status typically based on one’s family
income
b. Poverty: has a strong connection to persistent violent offending as
measured by official, victimization and self0report data
Preschool and School Experiences
Children who spend large aounts of time in unsupervised after
school care in the early elementary school years are also at elevated risk
for delinquency
More likely to associate with other unsupervised delinquency
prone peers
Early school failure leads to antisocial development and
delinquency
2. Psychological Risk Factors
a. Developmental Factors
Learning experiences begins early and build on themselves
Highly aggressive troublesome children demonstrate
social/interpersonal skills that are below avg….
……
Hyperactivity and Attention Deficit Disorders
Intelligence and Delinquency

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Ch.5: Origins of Criminal Behaviour Learning and Situational factors
Behaviorism
Warson
Skinner
Applied behavior modification or behavior therapy in correctional
system
Independent variables -> environmental stimuli
Dependent variables -> the behavrior elicited by environment
Cognitive learning
Involves the formation of concepts, schemas, theories, attitudes, beliefs
Theories
Social Learning
Expectancy Theory
Limitational Aspects of Social Learning
Bandura – a lot of our behaviour is initially acquired by watching others
- Relevant models………
Frustration-induced criminality
Moral Disengagement
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