1) aboriginals and colonialism.docx

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14 Apr 2012
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Family Diversity:
Changes in immigration policy and its impact on the family:
1) Aboriginal Families & Colonialism:
(Indian act 1876, residential schools, sixties scoop, sexual sterilization)
The family fulfills important roles
o Protect and nourish child
o Pass on language which provides a code for making sense and understanding the world
o Teaches ways of behaving
o Instills values & sense of what is important and what is worth fighting or protecting
The hunter gatherers moved from location to location
The women of the 6 nations had a substantial amount of power
The Europeans however imposed their laws and values on the native families
Enforced to take on a nuclear family and patrilineal family
Forced to take on aspects of family forms that were not inherent to them
As a consequence of colonialism the Europeans brought diseases
o Tuberculosis
o Small pox
The Europeans also introduced alcohol to the Aboriginals which in turn destroyed the
Aboriginals
Effects of colonialism :
1) The Indian Act 1876
Powerful piece of legislation which had a profound effect on native people
Lasting effect on their lives
Deprived the aboriginals
Controlled and dictated their lives
o Under the Indian act a woman who married a non-aboriginal man was stripped of her
rights
o Her and her children no longer considered aboriginal
o Denied her roots and had no place on the reserve
o Patriarchal laws destroyed matrilineal ones
o Women cut off by her roots if her marriage ended
2) The Reserve System
Was established under the terms of the 1876 Indian act
Removed to specific tracts of land
Land was deemed inferior
Nothing was able to grow on these lands ; infertile lands
The Canadian government affectively condemned Indians to occupy the lowest of the social
ladder
Marginalized in the economy
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