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Lecture 12 Study Notes

9 Pages
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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC23H3
Professor
Jason Ramsay

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Lecture #12: Threats to Child Development from the Built Environment
Monday, March 28th/2011
How to be a Better Consumer
What is skepticism?
oAn approach to evaluating data
oIt is not doubting
oA skeptic asks for evidence and does not take things on face value
oA skeptic is very open minded and will accept what the evidence suggests
oSkepticism is not boring!
From noted Skeptic Brian Dunning
oSkepticism is, or should be, an extraordinarily powerful and positive
influence on the world
oSkepticism is not simply about debunking as is commonly charged
oSkepticism is about redirecting attention, influence, and funding away from
worthless superstitions and toward projects and ideas that are evidenced to
be beneficial to humanity and to the world
Skepticism and Science
oThe scientific method is central to skepticism
oThe scientific method requires evidence, preferably derived from validated
testing
oAnecdotal evidence and personal testimonies generally dont meet the
qualifications for scientific evidence, and thus wont often be accepted by a
responsible skeptic; which often explains why skeptics get such a bad rap for
being negative or disbelieving people
oThey’re simply following the scientific method
The Mozart effect in Children
There is a pop culture phenomenon called The Mozart Effect
www.notesolution.com
Listening to Mozart makes your child smarter, or that early childhood exposure to
classical music has good effect on child cognitive development
Has been extended to encompass any kind of stimulation
Is a HUGE business
Some examples:
oPlaying classical music next to the mothers body when the fetus is developing
oExposing your children to a curriculum of stimulating programs that feature
lots of shiny bouncy toys and surprises set to classical music
oSome are marketed under Baby Einstein
Science behind it:
oSome researchers (Rauscher et al.) claimed that listening to a Mozart sonata
increased IQ score 8-9 points in children (temporarily)
oThis research has not been replicated anywhere
oResearch has failed to turn up any evidence of the Mozart Effect
oTherefore we can conclude:
This one is FALSE
BUT: It wont harm your child
AND: It is soothing for adults who have to listen to a screaming child
all day long
oHowever, there IS good evidence to suggest that stimulating your child is a
good idea, and severely neglected children would benefit from listening to
classical music or receiving ANY stimulation at ALL!
Autism
Jenny McCarthy:
oAutism is caused by vaccination
oStop vaccinating your child
oYou may prevent autism
www.notesolution.com
oShe has a child with a pervasive developmental disorder that is likely NOT
autism
Thiomersol: Mercury derivative
oMany parents notice autism symptoms at the time of the routine vaccine of
their child
oIt is a preservative used in vaccines
oThere is no evidence that it has any effect on developing children
oIt is a mercury derivative, and it is ETHYL mercury, not Methyl Mercury (the
bad mercury)
oIt has not been used for TEN YEARS , anyway!
As someone who has diagnosed autism in children, after reading the accounts of Ms.
McCartys child, it is clear that he does not have autism He may have PDDNOS
Autism is usually only diagnosed at about 2 years old at the earliest, the time of
many vaccinations
Correlation, not Causation
Autism is very difficult for parents to face, therefore something is needed for blame
Slow Death by Rubber Duck
Wall Street Journal attacks on Slow Death by Rubber Duck were misguided
Bisphenol A (BPA)
Used in plastics manufacture
Helath risks suspected since 1930s
It is an endocrine disrupter mimics estrogen
Present in baby bottles
More comes out if heated
Evidence?
oThere is no evidence to support any of these findings
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture #12: Threats to Child Development from the Built Environment Monday, March 28 2011 How to be a Better Consumer What is skepticism? o An approach to evaluating data o It is not doubting o A skeptic asks for evidence and does not take things on face value o A skeptic is very open minded and will accept what the evidence suggests o Skepticism is not boring! From noted Skeptic Brian Dunning o Skepticism is, or should be, an extraordinarily powerful and positive influence on the world o Skepticism is not simply about debunking as is commonly charged o Skepticism is about redirecting attention, influence, and funding away from worthless superstitions and toward projects and ideas that are evidenced to be beneficial to humanity and to the world Skepticism and Science o The scientific method is central to skepticism o The scientific method requires evidence, preferably derived from validated testing o Anecdotal evidence and personal testimonies generally dont meet the qualifications for scientific evidence, and thus wont often be accepted by a responsible skeptic; which often explains why skeptics get such a bad rap for being negative or disbelieving people o Theyre simply following the scientific method The Mozart effect in Children There is a pop culture phenomenon called The Mozart Effect www.notesolution.com
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