Study Guides (400,000)
CA (160,000)
UTSC (10,000)

tutorial review for final

Political Science
Course Code
Jennifer Levine
Study Guide

of 4
POLA90 Tutorial Exam Review
Exam: Thursday, December 16, 2010 9am-12pm, AC 223
Reminders: Bring your student card. Do not bring your cell phone. Cell phones are
considered aids and having them out is a form of academic misconduct.
Format: Similar to the midterm (a combination of multiple choice, true/false, fill in the
blanks, and short answer) + 1 essay question. There may or may not be choice for the essay
question. The exam will focus on the second half of the course, but you still need to know
the main ideas from the first half of the course, as they have never disappeared.
Studying: Go through the readings and know the main points/arguments, review lectures
and pick out key concepts, try to think of what sorts of questions could be asked and the big
themes that could be turned into essay questions.
Writing the exam: Make sure you read the questions carefully. Its easy to read too quickly
and incorrectly think you know what the question is asking. This is a big issue for multiple
choice and true and false questions, so take your time. That said, watch your timing. When
the exam starts, take a minute to look over the whole exam, so that you get a sense of how
much time you should devote to each section. If youre having trouble with a question, dont
spend too much time on it (move on and come back to it). There should be a clock in the
room, but wearing a watch is a good idea. You cannot rely on your cell phone for this
purpose. Bring at least 2 pens and write in pen, not pencil.
Answering an essay question: Organization is important, so before you start writing, make
an outline. This will help keep you on track and on time. While we do not expect the
response to be as polished as a paper you would hand in, we look for the same general
features. If the question calls for it, have a thesis argument and structure your paper with
key points. Use paragraphs. Make sure you demonstrate and apply your knowledge of
course materials.
Tutorial topics:
Please note that this list focuses on topics covered in tutorial, not lectures, since the
midterm. It is NOT a comprehensive coverage of course or reading materials.
1)Intrastate conflict/Civil War
a.Carter Theories of Civil War
i.Economic Economic predation opportunity and self-interest (Collier)
ii.Economic Kleptocratic state corruption and the rise of shadow state
iii.Political Horizontal inequality and Weak state
iv.Political Economy
b.Globalization as a form of intervention buying oil, providing weapons, etc.
c.Types of intervention in conflict: pros and cons (connect how the conflict is
understood to the intervention)
2)Explanations of conflict
a.Conventional explanations; greed vs. grievance theories
b.Economic rationale for war examples of opportunities for profit, power, and
protection that arise from war, civil war as self-perpetuating those who profit
from war not likely to end it
c.Collier risk of conflict highest in poor and declining economies that rely on
natural resources for a large part of their national income. Risk of civil war
negligible once a country reaches a certain level of income (example of greed
d.What is new about greed explanations and why is this relevant? Economic
explanations are important in how they influence our understanding of conflict
(used to be explained in terms of superpower influence and ethonationalist) and
the kinds of policy responses that make sense based on the explanation
e.Collier different approach to dealing with conflict curb rebel financing,
accelerate economic growth (opportunities for youth), longer term military
presence in countries emerging from conflict
f. How has financing of conflicts changed in the post-cold war era? BGG
previously supported by superpowers, now self-financed and intrastate conflict is
more common
g. Importance of geography and region to civil war outside intervention causing
war, addressing war, impacts on the region refuges, spread of disease,
undermines investor confidence
h.How narratives of grievance are used when conflict tends to be based on greed
i.Collier why grievance theory doesnt make sense based on the evidence because
of collective action problems. Free-riding coordination problem (need large
group), time-consistency problem vs. why these things dont hold for greed-based
conflict can distribute benefits throughout conflict
3)Lootable vs unlootable resources and their relationship to different types of conflict
(separatist and non separatist, government more likely to benefit from unlootable)
4)Sierra Leone
a.Legacy of colonial rule, post colonial elites and crisis of patrimonialism
b.State collapse weak and then failed state
c.How diamonds influence the conflict (alluvial)
d.Bates how violence undermines the establishment of capital
e.External factors that contributed to the conflict
5)Ethnic conflict
a. Is it on the decline? Why or why not? New regime of accommodation.
b.Case examples
6)Relationship of democracy and democratization to war
a.Democracy (full) vs. democratization (process of becoming democratic)
b.Democratic peace theory (no two democracies have gone to war against each
c.Democratizing states are more likely to fight wars than states that have not
undergone a transition from autocracy
d.Weak institutions that are not strong enough to integrate contending interests,
weak central authority elites with an interest in war and that would lose under
full democracy, short-run thinking and reckless policy making (effective
propaganda, populism), the widening political system spectrum, inflexible
interests and short time horizons and competitive mass mobilization by elites
increase the likelihood of conflict during democratization
e.Process goes most smoothly when elites are least threatened. Suggests there may
be a trade-off between brining former dictators to justice and maintaining peace
in the transition to democracy.