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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Monday, Jan 18, 2010
Chapter 12 Lifespan Development
The Nature and Quality of Attachment
Mary Ainsworth assessed how securely attached a child was.
Procedure:
Child goes with a parent and watch how a child explores the environment. If they’re really
securely attached, the child explores the environment but still look over to the parent. If
they’re insecurely attached, they wont explore the environment at all and just stick to the
parent. Or walk around and not look at the parent. Then the parent leaves and when the
kid realizes, they start freaking out. Thats normal, but if they dont freak out, then their
parents arent giving them the attachment they need. Then the parent returns. The
attached kids are relieved while the other kids just act like they said, yeah, whatever.
Different types of insecure attachments*
Stranger anxiety*
Separation anxiety*
Development of Gender Roles*
If a boy likes to play with dolls, people are gonna say hes gay. But theres a
difference between sexual orientation and roles you adopt as a male or female, how
the stereotypical masculine or feminine you are
Gender identity: ones private sense of being male or female
Gender role: what your culture expects of you as a male or female
Sometimes, theres a correlation. When a young boy is very effeminate, he has a
higher chances of being gay later on than someone whos more masculine, but they’re
not necessarily the same.
We socialize kids to be a certain way from a very young age. We socialize girls to be
more gentle, emotion-driven, and for boys, more rough
Moral Development*
Piagets theory of development
Moral realism
Morality of cooperation
Kholbergs theory
A mans wife is drying and so the man went to the pharmacist to get the drug
that she needed, but he didnt have enough money. The man explained his
situation and promised to pay the rest later on, but the pharmacist still
refused. Should he steal the drug or just let his wife die? The choice is as
important as the explanation. How do you justify the choice you make?
Preconventional level: children are motivated to avoid punishment or get
rewards. If they just get merely punished, they doesnt learn why shouldnt
do it. They need to understand whats being told to them so that they can
internalize a sense of right and wrong. Or else, all they’re gonna learn is to
avoid getting caught
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