PSYB65H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Neuron Doctrine, Functional Neuroimaging, The Paradigm Shift

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The myth that humans only use 10% of their brain is not true. Psychology is an attempt to describe, explain, and predict behaviour. Neuropsychologists attempt to describe, explain, predict, and change behaviour. Neuropsychology is the study of the relation between behaviour and the activity of the brain. Clinical neuropsychology: concerned with psychological assessment, management, and rehabilitation of neurological disease and injury. Experimental neuropsychology: focuses on how human behaviour arises from brain activity, which includes explaining how patterns of behavioural impairments can be explained in terms of disruptions to the damaged neural components (aka cognitive neuropsychology or cognitive neuroscience) Heart, mind, and brain the early history of neuropsychology: Empedocles believed that the heart was the source of human behaviour (cardiocentric hypothesis) Aristotle believed that the heart was the source of thought and sensation, and that the brain served as a radiator, cooling the blood. Hippocrates and galen argued that the brain is responsible for different functions (cephalocentric hypothesis)

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