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SOCA01H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Psychopathy, Action Figure, Animal Training


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Dont Know
Study Guide
Final

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Krause, Corts, Dolderman, Smith, Psychological Science, Canadian Edition,
Chapter 6: Learning
1) __________ is a change in an organism's behaviour or knowledge brought about by
experience.
a. Learning
b. Adaptation
c. Memory enhancement
d. Accommodation
Correct: Learning is a process by which behaviour or knowledge changes as a result of
experience.
Answer: a
Diff: 1
Type: MC
Page Reference: 226
Skill: Factual
Objective: Know the key terminology involved in classical conditioning.
2) Which of the following is true of learning?
a. Learning is the process that allows a species to slowly adapt over generations.
b. All learning involves the acquisition of new knowledge and information.
c. Learning involves a change in behaviour or knowledge as a result of experience.
d. Humans are the only species known to be capable of true learning.
Correct: Learning is a process by which behaviour or knowledge changes as a result of
experience. One type of learning, known as cognitive learning, involves the acquisition of
new information. However, associative learning involves making connections between
stimuli or between a stimulus and a behaviour. Almost all animals are capable of this
type of learning.
Answer: c
Diff: 2
Type: MC
Page Reference: 226
Skill: Factual
Objective: Know the key terminology involved in classical conditioning.
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Canada Inc. Page 1 of 63

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Krause, Corts, Dolderman, Smith, Psychological Science, Canadian Edition,
Chapter 6: Learning
3) The type of learning students do when studying information for a test is primarily
______________ learning.
a. cognitive
b. observational
c. classical
d. associative
Correct: Learning that involves the acquisition of new information is known as cognitive
learning. In contrast, associative learning involves making connections between stimuli
or between a stimulus and a behaviour.
Answer: a
Diff: 2
Type: MC
Page Reference: 226
Skill: Conceptual
Objective: Know the key terminology involved in classical conditioning.
4) For Kyle, the smell of freshly baked cookies will always be connected to the memory
of his grandmother. This is an example of which type of learning?
a. cognitive
b. observational
c. latent
d. associative
Correct: Associative learning involves making connections between stimuli or between a
stimulus and a behaviour. In this example, a particular smell is associated with a
particular person.
Answer: d
Diff: 3
Type: MC
Page Reference: 226
Skill: Applied
Objective: Know the key terminology involved in classical conditioning.
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Canada Inc. Page 2 of 63

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Krause, Corts, Dolderman, Smith, Psychological Science, Canadian Edition,
Chapter 6: Learning
5) __________ was one of the first people to describe learning as acquired through
classical conditioning while studying the digestive process of dogs.
a. John Watson
b. Ivan Pavlov
c. B. F. Skinner
d. Albert Bandura
Correct: Ivan Pavlov was a Russian physiologist who studied digestion, using dogs as a
model species. He accidently found that the dogs would learn to salivate to stimuli that
were associated with food. Pavlov's discovery began a long tradition of inquiry into what
is now called classical conditioning.
Answer: b
Diff: 1
Type: MC
Page Reference: 227
Skill: Factual
Objective: Know the key terminology involved in classical conditioning.
6) Before studying conditioning, Ivan Pavlov studied ______________.
a. cardiac physiology
b. canine anatomy
c. digestive processes
d. the endocrine system
Correct: Ivan Pavlov was a Russian physiologist who studied digestion, using dogs as a
model species. He accidently found that the dogs would learn to salivate to stimuli that
were associated with food. Pavlov's discovery began a long tradition of inquiry into what
is now called classical conditioning.
Answer: c
Diff: 2
Type: MC
Page Reference: Module 6.1
Skill: Factual
Objective: Know the key terminology involved in classical conditioning.
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Canada Inc. Page 3 of 63
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